W James Cooper

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Damselfishes (Perciformes, Pomacentridae) are a major component of coral reef communities, and the functional diversity of their trophic anatomy is an important constituent of the ecological morphology of these systems. Using shape analyses, biomechanical modelling, and phylogenetically based comparative methods, we examined the anatomy of damselfish(More)
BACKGROUND How particular changes in functional morphology can repeatedly promote ecological diversification is an active area of evolutionary investigation. The African rift-lake cichlids offer a calibrated time series of the most dramatic adaptive radiations of vertebrate trophic morphology yet described, and the replicate nature of these events provides(More)
The level of integration present among organismal traits is thought to influence evolutionary potential, and this potential should be affected by the type or types of integration displayed (e.g., functional, developmental, or genetic). Morphological integration is generally high among functionally related traits, but whether this is predominantly determined(More)
The African cichlids of the East-African rift-lakes provide one of the most dramatic examples of adaptive radiation known. It has long been thought that functional decoupling of the oral and pharyngeal jaws in cichlids has facilitated their explosive evolution. Recent research has also shown that craniofacial evolution from radiations in lakes Victoria,(More)
The application of quantitative methods has long been the norm in comparative and evolutionary studies of morphology, but within the field of experimental embryology mathematical descriptions of anatomical form are seldom calculated, and morphological variation within treatment groups is rarely taken into account. Here we argue that many of the analytical(More)
Comparedwith the placentalmammals,marsupials are born at an almost embryonic stage, but nearly all of these neonates immediately climb or crawl to one of theirmother’s teats using precociously developed forelimbs.Marsupial adults also exhibit limited forelimb shape diversity relative to themembers of their sister group. That the functional requirements of(More)
Insects are known to exchange respiratory gases in their system of tracheal tubes by using either diffusion or changes in internal pressure that are produced through body motion or hemolymph circulation. However, the inability to see inside living insects has limited our understanding of their respiration mechanisms. We used a synchrotron beam to obtain(More)
The processes that direct skull remodeling are of interest to both human-oriented studies of cranial dysplasia and evolutionary studies of skull divergence. There is increasing awareness that these two fields can be mutually informative when natural variation mimics pathology. Here we describe a zebrafish mutant line, devoid of blastema (dob), which does(More)
BACKGROUND Comparing patterns of divergence among separate lineages or groups has posed an especially difficult challenge for biologists. Recently a new, conceptually simple methodology called the "ordered-axis plot" approach was introduced for the purpose of comparing patterns of diversity in a common morphospace. This technique involves a combination of(More)
Vertebrate evolutionary radiations are the result of divergence along a variety of ecological and behavioural axes. In addition, the potential for clades to evolve along any one axis can be strongly influenced by the types and levels of phenotypic variation that are exposed to natural selection. Understanding the factors that promote and constrain(More)