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Most cases with antituberculosis drug-induced hepatitis have been attributed to isoniazid. Isoniazid is metabolized by hepatic N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to form hepatotoxins. However, the role of CYP2E1 in this hepatotoxicity has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the polymorphism of the(More)
Many peptides and transmitters found within the brain also have peripheral sites of action. We now demonstrate that the brain releases functionally active neurotransmitters/neuromodulators directly from the brain into the blood through a saturable P-glycoprotein (Pgp) transport system. Downregulating Pgp1 expression with antisense reduced the brain-to-blood(More)
Nitrate reductase (NR) is rapidly inactivated by phosphorylation of serine residues in response to loss of light or reduction in CO2 levels. To identify sites within NR protein that play a role in this post-translational regulation, a heterologous expression system and an in vitro inactivation assay for Arabidopsis NR were developed. Protein extracts(More)
Antituberculosis drug-induced hepatitis is one of the most prevalent drug-induced liver injuries. Isoniazid is the major drug incriminated in this hepatotoxicity. Isoniazid is mainly metabolized to hepatotoxic intermediates by N-acetyltransferase (NAT). However, the association of polymorphic NAT acetylator status and antituberculosis drug-induced hepatitis(More)
Cross-species chromosome painting has made a great contribution to our understanding of the evolution of karyotypes and genome organizations of mammals. Several recent papers of comparative painting between tree and flying squirrels have shed some light on the evolution of the family Sciuridae and the order Rodentia. In the present study we have extended(More)
We have investigated the karyotype relationships of two oriental voles, i.e. the Yulong vole (Eothenomys proditor, 2n = 32) and the large oriental vole (Eothenomys miletus, 2n = 56) as well as the Clarke's vole (Microtus clarkei, 2n = 52), by a combined approach of cross-species chromosome painting and high-resolution G-banding comparison.(More)
The Vespertilionidae is the largest family in the order Chiroptera and has a worldwide distribution in the temperate and tropical regions. In order to further clarify the karyotype relationships at the lower taxonomic level in Vespertilionidae, genome-wide comparative maps have been constructed between Myotis myotis (MMY, 2n = 44) and six vesper bats from(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Drug metabolizing enzymes may be related to drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) are important drug metabolizing enzymes. We aimed to elucidate the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of these enzymes and the susceptibility(More)
The purpose of this work was to screen the endophytic fungi having antitumor or antifungal activity, which were isolated from the inner barks of three kinds of pharmaceutical plants, Taxus mairei, Cephalataxus fortunei and Torreya grandis, collected from Fujian province, China. Antitumor activity was studied by the MTT assay and antifungal activity was(More)
Recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana NADH:nitrate reductase (NR; EC was produced in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris and purified to near-electrophoretic homogeneity. Purified enzyme had the spectral and kinetic properties typical of highly purified NR from natural plant sources. Site-directed mutagenesis altering several key residues and(More)