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A highly specific two-site immunoradiometric assay for insulin was used to measure the plasma insulin response to 75 g glucose administered orally to 49 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM). The plasma insulin concentration 30 min after glucose ingestion was lower in the diabetic patients than in matched controls for both non-obese (11-83(More)
Monoclonal antibody-based two-site immunoradiometric assays are described for human insulin, proinsulin, 65-66 split and 32-33 split proinsulin. The detection limits of the assays lie in the range 0.8-2.5 pM. The assays for 65-66 and 32-33 split proinsulins do not distinguish between these substances and their respective C-terminal di-desamino derivatives.(More)
We compared the effects of human proinsulin and human insulin on glucose disposal, suppression of hepatic glucose production (HGP), and intermediary carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Six young, lean, subjects underwent eight separate euglycemic clamps with low-dose intravenous (IV) infusions of insulin and proinsulin (four each). The insulin infusions gave(More)
Proline 4-hydroxylase is a 2-oxoacid, ferrous-ion-dependent dioxygenase involved in the biosynthesis of the secondary metabolite etamycin. The purification, in low yield, of proline 4-hydroxylase from Streptomyces griseoviridus P8648 to near, apparent homogeneity and its initial characterization are reported. In most respects proline 4-hydroxylase is a(More)
delta-L-(alpha-Aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) synthetase catalyses the formation of the common precursor tripeptide of both the penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics from the L-enantiomers of its constituent amino acids. Replacement of cysteine with L-O-methylserine in preparative-scale incubations led to the isolation of both(More)
We have compared the effects of subcutaneously injected human proinsulin, insulin zinc suspension and inactive diluent (control) on glucose turnover, intermediary carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in non-insulin-dependent diabetic man. Six weight-matched (24.8 +/- 1.6 kg M-2) non-insulin-dependent diabetic subjects underwent 3 separate, randomized, 10 h(More)
We compared the actions of human proinsulin and insulin on glucose turnover and on intermediary carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Six diet-controlled weight-matched (25.4 +/- 1.0 kg/m2) NIDDM subjects underwent six separate isoglycemic clamps. Glucose turnover was measured using a primed continuous(More)
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