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Conditions are described for observing by X-ray fibre diffraction the A, B and S conformations of the poly[d(G-C)] . poly[d(G-C)] double-helix and also a new form designated as B". For fibres with an appropriate ionic content, transitions between these conformations can be induced by varying the relative humidity of the fibre environment. With increasing(More)
Because of the relation between topology and function, there has been much interest in the structural transitions of the various conformations of DNA polymers. The x-ray fiber diffraction analysis system at the Daresbury Synchrotron Radiation Source was used to study the reversible transition between the B and D forms of the synthetic DNA(More)
The synthetic polynucleotide poly[d(AT)].poly[d(AT)] is of interest in studies of the relationship between nucleic acid structure and function. In particular, A + T-rich regions in DNA double helices have been invoked as centres for controlling the transcription of genetic information. Here we describe conditions for observing by X-ray fibre diffraction the(More)
Interactions with water are crucial to the conformation assumed by the DNA double helix. The location of water around the D conformation has been investigated in a neutron fibre diffraction study which shows that water is ordered in the minor groove of the DNA. The D conformation is important since its occurrence is limited to specific DNA base pair(More)
A high angle neutron fibre diffraction study of the distribution of water around the A-form of DNA has been performed using the diffractometer D19 at the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble. These experiments have exploited the ability to replace H2O surrounding the DNA by D2O so that isotopic difference Fourier maps can be computed in which peaks are(More)
The development of neutron high angle fiber diffraction to investigate the location of water around the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double-helix is described. The power of the technique is illustrated by its application to the D and A conformations of DNA using the single crystal diffractometer, D19, at the Institut Laue-Langevin. Grenoble and the time of(More)