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E. coli can be transformed to extremely high efficiencies by subjecting a mixture of cells and DNA to brief but intense electrical fields of exponential decay waveform (electroporation). We have obtained 10(9) to 10(10) transformants/micrograms with strains LE392 and DH5 alpha, and plasmids pUC18 and pBR329. The process is highly dependent on two(More)
We have used affinity panning of libraries of bacteriophages that display random octapeptide or dodecapeptide sequences at the N-terminus of the adsorption protein (pIII) to characterize peptides that bind to the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP and to develop a scoring system that predicts potential BiP-binding sequences in naturally occurring(More)
We have constructed a vast library of peptides for finding compounds that bind to antibodies and other receptors. Millions of different hexapeptides were expressed at the N terminus of the adsorption protein (pIII) of fd phage. The vector fAFF1, derived from the tetracycline resistance-transducing vector fd-tet, allows cloning of oligonucleotides in a(More)
We have used an in vitro protein synthesis system to construct a very large library of peptides displayed on polysomes. A pool of DNA sequences encoding 10(12) random decapeptides was incubated in an Escherichia coli S30 coupled transcription/translation system. Polysomes were isolated and screened by affinity selection of the nascent peptides on an(More)
Two families of small peptides that bind to the human thrombopoietin receptor and compete with the binding of the natural ligand thrombopoietin (TPO) were identified from recombinant peptide libraries. The sequences of these peptides were not found in the primary sequence of TPO. Screening libraries of variants of one of these families under(More)
While P-glycoprotein (PGP, ABCB1) is known to play an important role in drug exclusion at the blood brain barrier (BBB), less is known about the contribution of other members in the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family to BBB drug efflux, or whether these transporters are expressed differently in humans and in mammalian species of pharmacological(More)
To obtain information about the functional importance of amino acids required for effective erythropoietin (EPO) mimetic action, the conserved residues of a peptide mimetic of EPO, recently discovered by phage display, were subjected to an alanine replacement strategy. Further, to identify a minimal mimetic peptide sequence, a series of truncation peptides(More)
Two families of peptides that specifically bind the extracellular domain of the human type I interleukin I (IL-1) receptor were identified from recombinant peptide display libraries. Peptides from one of these families blocked binding of IL-lalpha to the type I IL-1 receptor with IC50 values of 45-140 microM. Affinity-selective screening of variants of(More)
Electroporation permits the uptake of DNA by mammalian cells and plant protoplasts because it induces transient permeability of the cell membrane. We investigated the utility of high-voltage electroporation as a method for genetic transformation of intact bacterial cells by using the enteric pathogen Campylobacter jejuni as a model system. This report(More)