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E. coli can be transformed to extremely high efficiencies by subjecting a mixture of cells and DNA to brief but intense electrical fields of exponential decay waveform (electroporation). We have obtained 10(9) to 10(10) transformants/micrograms with strains LE392 and DH5 alpha, and plasmids pUC18 and pBR329. The process is highly dependent on two(More)
We have used affinity panning of libraries of bacteriophages that display random octapeptide or dodecapeptide sequences at the N-terminus of the adsorption protein (pIII) to characterize peptides that bind to the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP and to develop a scoring system that predicts potential BiP-binding sequences in naturally occurring(More)
  • N C Wrighton, F X Farrell, R Chang, A K Kashyap, F P Barbone, L S Mulcahy +4 others
  • 1996
Random phage display peptide libraries and affinity selective methods were used to isolate small peptides that bind to and activate the receptor for the cytokine erythropoietin (EPO). In a panel of in vitro biological assays, the peptides act as full agonists and they can also stimulate erythropoiesis in mice. These agonists are represented by a 14- amino(More)
The functional mimicry of a protein by an unrelated small molecule has been a formidable challenge. Now, however, the biological activity of a 166-residue hematopoietic growth hormone, erythropoietin (EPO), with its class 1 cytokine receptor has been mimicked by a 20-residue cyclic peptide unrelated in sequence to the natural ligand. The crystal structure(More)
Two families of small peptides that bind to the human thrombopoietin receptor and compete with the binding of the natural ligand thrombopoietin (TPO) were identified from recombinant peptide libraries. The sequences of these peptides were not found in the primary sequence of TPO. Screening libraries of variants of one of these families under(More)
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