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The slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relation (ESPVR) is useful in assessing acute changes in contractile state. However, a limitation of ESPVR is that its slope decreases progressively as ventricular size increases without this change necessarily indicating a change in contractile state. In this respect, an index of contractile function that is(More)
A heritable ventricular septal defect (VSD) was found in a strain of Yucatan miniature swine. The defect was determined to be a high membranous VSD analogous in anatomic location to the most common from of VSD in humans. Eighteen animals were studied clinically, hemodynamically and at necropsy to characterize the defect. Three mature animals developed(More)
Vasomotility of normal and stenosed coronary arteries was studied at rest and during supine bicycle exercise in 10 patients with classical exercise-induced angina pectoris receiving 1 mg intracoronary propranolol before the exercise test (propranolol group). Normal and stenotic coronary lumen areas were determined from biplane coronary arteriograms using a(More)
With single-beat analysis, the new concept of systolic myocardial stiffness is applied to provide a new approach for the assessment of myocardial contractility in aortic and mitral valve disease. Seventy patients underwent diagnostic right and left heart catheterization. Twenty-six patients had aortic stenosis, 18 had aortic insufficiency, and 26 had mitral(More)
Children with ventricular septal defect (VSD) often demonstrate failure to thrive (FTT). Such patients usually have reduced systemic cardiac output which has been postulated as a cause for their growth retardation. This study was conducted to ascertain the mechanism of the reduced cardiac output in children with VSD and FTT and also in a porcine model of(More)
Cardiomyoplasty, a new therapy for heart failure, uses autologous skeletal muscle to mechanically assist the heart. The success of dynamic cardiomyoplasty is critically dependent on the contraction strength of the assisting skeletal muscle. Unlike cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle contracts in a graded response to electrical stimulation. However, in current(More)
We studied the hemodynamic response to supine bicycle exercise in 20 patients late (10 + 2 years) after aortic valve replacement (for aortic stenosis in 12 patients, aortic insufficiency in six patients, and for combined stenosis and insufficiency in two patients). The pulmonary artery wedge pressure was obtained with a pulmonary artery balloon catheter,(More)
We studied the hemodynamic response to supine bicycle exercise in 20 patients late (10 +/- 2 years) after aortic valve replacement (for aortic stenosis in 12 patients, aortic insufficiency in six patients, and for combined stenosis and insufficiency in two patients). The pulmonary artery wedge pressure was obtained with a pulmonary artery balloon catheter,(More)
Flosequinan is an oral arterial and venous vasodilator that is currently under investigation for the treatment of congestive heart failure. The effects of flosequinan on ventricular performance and myocardial contractility were studied in 10 patients with severe congestive heart failure during right and left cardiac catheterization. Sixty minutes after a(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of surgical procedure on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in patients with mitral regurgitation. BACKGROUND Left ventricular systolic function has been shown to decline after operation in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation. METHODS Using simultaneous(More)