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1. We describe the effects on channel function of changing an aspartate residue (Asp172) in a membrane-spanning alpha-helix of the murine inward rectifier, IRK1, by site-directed mutagenesis. 2. Alteration of Asp172 to Glu (charged) or to Gln or Asn (polar but uncharged) produced functional channels showing inward rectification, though rectification was(More)
1. We describe the cloning of the inward rectifier K+ channel IRK1 from genomic DNA of mouse; the gene is intronless. 2. The IRK1 gene can be stably expressed in murine erythroleukaemia (MEL) cells. Such transfected cells show inward rectification under whole-cell recording. 3. Channels encoded by the IRK1 gene have an intrinsic gating that depends on(More)
Rabbit polyclonal antibodies were raised to rat Kir2.0 (Kir2.1, Kir2.2 and Kir2.3) inwardly rectifying potassium ion channel proteins. The antibody specificities were confirmed by immunoprecipitation of [35S]-methionine-labelled in vitro translated channel proteins and western blotting. Immunohistochemistry revealed a different patterns of expression of(More)
Salivary fluid, the collective product of numerous major and minor salivary glands, contains a range of secretory proteins that play key defensive, digestive, and gustatory roles in the oral cavity. To understand the distinct protein "signature" contributed by individual salivary glands to salivary secretions, we studied a family of proteins shown by in(More)
We have used a metastasis-related human cDNA isolated from a liver metastasis from a colonic adenocarcinoma to screen a human breast carcinoma cDNA library for homologous sequences. Nucleotide sequence analysis of positive clones revealed that the cDNA represents a ribosomal phosphoprotein. P2. The expression of P2 mRNA was significantly higher (Student's t(More)
A Type II restriction endonuclease, MmeI, has been purified from the obligate methylotroph, Methylophilus methylotrophus. The enzyme was shown to have the non-palindromic recognition sequence 5'-T C C Pu A C (N)20-3', 3'-A G G Py T G (N)18-5' and to cleave (as indicated) on the 3' side, generating a two nucleotide 3' projection. Determination of the(More)
The AROM locus of A. nidulans, which governs five consecutive steps in pre-chorismate aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, has been cloned in a bacteriophage vector. The nucleotide sequence of the locus reveals a single, open reading-frame of 4,812 base-pairs, apparently without introns. An internal segment of the A. nidulans AROM sequence has extensive(More)
We report the molecular cloning of cDNA copies of DBA/2 mouse submaxillary gland (SMG) renin mRNA, which were used to probe Southern transfers of mouse genomic DNA. The results suggested either that there is a single renin gene containing a large intron in that part of the gene corresponding to the probe, or that there are two distinct renin genes. We have(More)
The human gene sequences encoding the translation-associated functions of alpha-subunit of elongation factor 1 (EF-1 alpha) and the ubiquitin carboxyl extension protein (HUBCEP80) have been isolated by differential cDNA screening, and found to have significantly higher levels of expression in fibroadenomas (benign) compared with carcinomas (malignant) of(More)
The inwardly rectifying potassium ion channel Kir2.2 has recently been demonstrated to have nuclear and plasma membrane subcellular localization. Nuclear expression of Kir2.2 is controversial, as a functional role for Kir2.0 potassium channels in the nucleus has not been investigated. However, in this report we have demonstrated Kir2.2 nuclear localization(More)