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1. We describe the effects on channel function of changing an aspartate residue (Asp172) in a membrane-spanning alpha-helix of the murine inward rectifier, IRK1, by site-directed mutagenesis. 2. Alteration of Asp172 to Glu (charged) or to Gln or Asn (polar but uncharged) produced functional channels showing inward rectification, though rectification was(More)
We describe the postnatal ontogeny and localization of insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGF-I and -II) in the rat. We have used oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes for in situ hybridization (hybridization histochemistry) and for Northern blotting. IGF-II mRNA is strongly expressed in liver, skeletal muscle, perichondrium, leptomeninges and choroid plexus(More)
1. We describe the cloning of the inward rectifier K+ channel IRK1 from genomic DNA of mouse; the gene is intronless. 2. The IRK1 gene can be stably expressed in murine erythroleukaemia (MEL) cells. Such transfected cells show inward rectification under whole-cell recording. 3. Channels encoded by the IRK1 gene have an intrinsic gating that depends on(More)
Derivatives of phage lambda are described for use as vectors for fragments of DNA generated with the HindIII and EcoRI restriction enzymes. With some vectors, hybrid molecules are recognised by a change from a turbid to a clear plaque morphology resulting from the insertion of a fragment of DNA into the lambda gene coding for the phage regressor. Other(More)
We have examined the genomic organisation of c-myc, N-myc, L-myc, neu and N-ras in tissue from 41 breast carcinomas, lymph node metastases from 10 of these carcinomas, one fibrosarcoma, 10 cases of benign fibrocystic breast and six fibroadenomas. We have not observed an alteration in either N-myc or N-ras in any of the samples studied. We have seen a 2-fold(More)
Rabbit polyclonal antibodies were raised to rat Kir2.0 (Kir2.1, Kir2.2 and Kir2.3) inwardly rectifying potassium ion channel proteins. The antibody specificities were confirmed by immunoprecipitation of [35S]-methionine-labelled in vitro translated channel proteins and western blotting. Immunohistochemistry revealed a different patterns of expression of(More)
The leading region of the conjugal bacterial plasmid ColIb-P9 contains three dispersed repeats of a 328 bp sequence homologous to Frpo, a sequence from plasmid F that acts as a promoter in single-stranded DNA. One of these sequences, ssi3, inactive in the double-stranded form, promoted in vitro transcription exclusively from the single strand that is(More)
The expression of the gene coding for peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), a novel transacting factor belonging to the steroid superfamily, has been determined in the mouse and rat throughout development using hybridization histochemistry. Messenger RNA is demonstrable in the liver and brown fat from the fetal period onwards and, additionally,(More)
Salivary fluid, the collective product of numerous major and minor salivary glands, contains a range of secretory proteins that play key defensive, digestive, and gustatory roles in the oral cavity. To understand the distinct protein "signature" contributed by individual salivary glands to salivary secretions, we studied a family of proteins shown by in(More)