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A hybridoma derived from a mouse immunized with gonococcal outer membranes produced an antibody, designated H.8, that bound to all strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis tested, and to N. lactamica and N. cinerea, but only rarely to other nonpathogenic Neisseria species. Studies with the gonococcal strain used in production of the antibody(More)
We report here the construction of a plasmid cloning vector, pRTP1, designed to facilitate exchange of cloned and chromosomal alleles of the human bacterial pathogen Bordetella pertussis. pRTP1 provides the ability to successively select two homologous recombination events within the cloned sequences. The first is by selection for maintenance of the(More)
Antigenic diversity among and within strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis has complicated studies of the pathogenesis of these strains and obstructed vaccine development. We previously described a distinct surface antigen (H.8) common to pathogenic Neisseria. We have now demonstrated in vivo expression of the H.8 antigen by detecting(More)
The protein II (P.II) outer membrane proteins of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which have been implicated in gonococcal pathogenesis, have been previously shown to undergo a type of phase variation in which expression of any of several different forms of the proteins may be switched on or off. We identified six electrophoretically distinct forms of P.II proteins(More)
Pertussis toxin is produced by the causative agent of whooping cough, Bordetella pertussis, and is an adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosyltransferase capable of covalently modifying and thereby inactivating many eukaryotic G proteins involved in cellular metabolism. The toxin is a principal determinant of virulence in whooping cough and is a primary(More)
The products of the bvgAS locus coordinately regulate expression of the Bordetella pertussis virulence regulon in response to environmental signals. Transcription of bvgAS-activated genes is nearly eliminated by several modulating conditions, including the presence of sulfate anion or nicotinic acid and growth at low temperature. We have isolated(More)
We compared the structure of P.II proteins of gonococcal strain FA1090 by N-terminal sequence analysis of purified proteins and by DNA sequencing of cloned P.II genes. Regulation of P.II gene expression does not involve major DNA rearrangements, but may involve generation of frame-shifts in unexpressed P.II genes. There are probably 8 or 9 P.II genes, each(More)
Finding ways to bring effective computer-based behavioral interventions to those with limited access to technology is a continuing challenge for health educators. Computer kiosks placed in community settings may help reach such populations. The Reflections of You kiosk generates individually tailored magazines on breast cancer and mammography and was(More)
Pertussis toxin is one of the major virulence determinants produced by Bordetella pertussis. The DNA encoding the structural genes for pertussis toxin was cloned in Escherichia coli, and pertussis toxin subunit S4 was expressed under the control of the tac promoter. Mutations were introduced into the cloned toxin genes, and a conjugative shuttle vector(More)