W. J. Austin

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The moral distress of psychologists working in psychiatric and mental health care settings was explored in an interdisciplinary, hermeneutic phenomenological study situated at the University of Alberta, Canada. Moral distress is the state experienced when moral choices and actions are thwarted by constraints. Psychologists described specific incidents in(More)
  • W Austin
  • 2001
We live in an era of globalization in which our essential interdependence is increasingly revealed. Transportation and communication technology plus worldwide health, environmental, and security risks and a world economy driven by transnational corporations are connecting us in a new kind of way. Incredible advances in biotechnology, the pressing demands of(More)
  • Wendy Austin
  • 2008
In times of contagion, the key role of nurses brings fears, dangers, and unique demands. The ethics of such challenges need to be explored and understood. Using Callahan's framework for thinking ethically and Taylor's "worries" of modern life, the author elucidates some of the challenges and then argues that the current approach to pandemic ethics, with its(More)
It is considered the right of children to have their pain managed effectively. Yet, despite extensive research findings, policy guidelines and practice standard recommendations for the optimal management of paediatric pain, clinical practices remain inadequate. Empirical evidence definitively shows that unrelieved pain in children has only harmful(More)
When health practitioners' moral choices and actions are thwarted by constraints, they may respond with feelings of moral distress. In a Canadian hermeneutic phenomenological study, physicians, nurses, psychologists and non-professional aides were asked to identify care situations that they found morally distressing, and to elaborate on how moral concerns(More)
The words well-being, health, and wellness are commonly used in an interchangeable manner by health care professionals and the lay public. We undertook a hermeneutic phenomenological study of well-being and discovered a soulful strength and a rhythmic flow to this lived experience. There is a letting go that is experienced as a tension and rhythmic(More)
This study compared the correlation and prognostic utility of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the N-terminal fragment of proBNP (NT-proBNP) in 171 outpatients with renal dysfunction. The NT-proBNP correlated well with BNP in all cases (r = 0.911; P pound .01), regardless of degree of renal impairment or type of left ventricular dysfunction. BNP and(More)
The authors examined the reactions of Spanish-speaking patients and of therapists to initial therapy interviews conducted with or without an interpreter. Twenty-one patients who used an interpreter, 40 bilingual patients, and the 16 psychiatric residents who conducted the interviews completed questionnaires aimed at evaluating therapy and communication(More)
Knowledge concerning the storage and retrieval of traumatic memories and so-called False Memory Syndrome has not been widely available in nursing journals. Information in the popular media, however, means that nurses are learning about aspects of the memory debate from such sources. This article reports on 1,701 nurses' views of False Memory Syndrome (FMS).(More)