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Voltammetry has been widely used in attempts to measure catecholamine release in vivo. The voltammogram recorded in the rat striatum using carbon paste electrodes and linear sweep voltammetry with semidifferentiation consists of a number of separate peaks; changes in the height of the first of these peaks have been attributed to changes in catecholamine(More)
The experimental results on the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase that are presented in the previous five papers are here collected and analyzed according to the theory presented in the first paper (Albery, W.J., Knowles, J.R. (1976), Biochemistry 15, the first of eight(More)
Three different types of amperometric enzyme electrode are described. The first type uses a conducting organic-salt electrode to oxidize NADH. Results for sensors for ethanol and for bile acids are presented. In the second type of sensor, flavoenzymes are directly oxidized on the surface of the conducting organic-salt electrode. Results for five different(More)
The interconversion of L- and D-proline catalyzed by proline racemase has been studied. The entire time course of the approach to equilibrium has been followed. After a short time the product concentration is significant, and the reaction runs under reversible conditions. As the total substrate concentration is increased, the system moves from the(More)
The effect of isotopic substitution of the specifically labilized hydrogen in the substrates of triosephosphate isomerase on the steady-state rates of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction has been examined. The k cat value for the enzyme-catalyzed transformation of [1(R)-2H] dihydroxyacetone phosphate is 2.9 times smaller than that for the 1(R)-1H compound.(More)
A theoretical model is developed for an electrochemical sensor for toxic substances which works by measuring the inhibition of the enzyme activity. The enzyme is assumed to follow Michaelis-Menten kinetics and the diffusion kinetic equation describing the concentration profile of the enzyme's substrate in the electrolyte layer between the electrode and the(More)
Linear sweep voltammograms were recorded in the striata of rats with a unilateral cortical lesion. The height of the ascorbate peak was 55% smaller on the lesioned side compared with the intact side, the homovanillic acid peak showed no significant change. The nocturnal increase in the release of striatal ascorbate was reduced by 80% on the lesioned side(More)