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Although the application of self-tapping and non self-tapping screws is virtually universal in cranio-maxillofacial surgery, the inevitable, time consuming procedure of drilling a pilot hole has some potential disadvantages, such as damage to nerves, tooth roots or tooth germs, thermal necrosis of the bone and drill bit breakage. Drill Free Screws (DFS) are(More)
The study was aimed at examining the in vivo degradation of pure poly(D,L)lactide (PDLLA) or PDLLA with an admixture of calciumphosphates. One rod (20 x 3 x 2 mm) and one cube (3 x 2 x 2 mm) of pure PDLLA, PDLLA with tricalciumphosphate (PDLLA + TCP) or PDLLA with calciumhydrogenphosphate (PDLLA + CHP), respectively, were implanted into the dorsal muscles(More)
AIMS Comparison of the degradation of poly(D,L)lactide (Resorb X) or poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (LactoSorb) in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS LactoSorb and Resorb X osteosynthesis plates were fixed at the lateral aspect of the femora of 26 Chinchilla rabbits using the respective osteosynthesis screws. After intraperitoneal injection of fluorochromes the screw(More)
AIM A comparison of metal/osseous interface and bone remodelling after insertion of different types of titanium bone screws in vivo. MATERIAL Samples of five of each of the following bone screw types were inserted into the anterior wall of the frontal sinus of five Göttingen minipigs: self-tapping micro- (1.5mm) and miniscrews (2.0 mm) or drill free(More)
Drill free screws are newly designed osteosynthesis screws with specially formed tips and cutting flutes, which act like a cork-screw and can be inserted into bone without predrilling. A prospective study on 82 patients was performed in order to investigate the efficiency of mini- and micro-drill free screws (DFS) in clinical use and to find out areas in(More)
OBJECTIVE Biodegradable osteosynthesis materials are not radio-opaque and therefore not visible on conventional X-rays. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of ultrasound for imaging biodegradable materials to detect and monitor the degradation process. METHODS Forty-six patients had two different polylactide osteosynthesis fracture plate(More)
The behavior of conduct disordered (CD) children was compared with normal control (NC) children in interaction with normal peers. Dyads consisting of a) a CD child and a normal peer and b) an NC child and the same normal peer as in a) were observed. CD boys were less able than NC boys to neutralize incipient conflicts. Hitherto most behavioral studies of CD(More)
When screws are inserted in thick cortical bone, a small pilot hole size, corresponding to the core diameter of the screw, can result in high torsional stress, leading to screw fracture. The aim of this study was to enlarge the drill size up to a critical pilot hole size (CPHS) which, if exceeded, means a rapid decrease in the screw holding power. 1.5 and 2(More)