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The study was aimed at examining the in vivo degradation of pure poly(D,L)lactide (PDLLA) or PDLLA with an admixture of calciumphosphates. One rod (20 x 3 x 2 mm) and one cube (3 x 2 x 2 mm) of pure PDLLA, PDLLA with tricalciumphosphate (PDLLA + TCP) or PDLLA with calciumhydrogenphosphate (PDLLA + CHP), respectively, were implanted into the dorsal muscles(More)
Although the application of self-tapping and non self-tapping screws is virtually universal in cranio-maxillofacial surgery, the inevitable, time consuming procedure of drilling a pilot hole has some potential disadvantages, such as damage to nerves, tooth roots or tooth germs, thermal necrosis of the bone and drill bit breakage. Drill Free Screws (DFS) are(More)
AIMS Comparison of the degradation of poly(D,L)lactide (Resorb X) or poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (LactoSorb) in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS LactoSorb and Resorb X osteosynthesis plates were fixed at the lateral aspect of the femora of 26 Chinchilla rabbits using the respective osteosynthesis screws. After intraperitoneal injection of fluorochromes the screw(More)
AIM A comparison of metal/osseous interface and bone remodelling after insertion of different types of titanium bone screws in vivo. MATERIAL Samples of five of each of the following bone screw types were inserted into the anterior wall of the frontal sinus of five Göttingen minipigs: self-tapping micro- (1.5mm) and miniscrews (2.0 mm) or drill free(More)
Drill free screws are newly designed osteosynthesis screws with specially formed tips and cutting flutes, which act like a cork-screw and can be inserted into bone without predrilling. A prospective study on 82 patients was performed in order to investigate the efficiency of mini- and micro-drill free screws (DFS) in clinical use and to find out areas in(More)
OBJECTIVE Biodegradable osteosynthesis materials are not radio-opaque and therefore not visible on conventional X-rays. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of ultrasound for imaging biodegradable materials to detect and monitor the degradation process. METHODS Forty-six patients had two different polylactide osteosynthesis fracture plate(More)
Aim of the study was to examine if the addition of buffering sodiumhydrogenphosphate to poly(D,L)lactide(PDLLA) would stabilize the pH-value in the in vivo environment of implanted material and whether this improves its biocompatibility. The material was predegraded just to the point of viscous disintegration to test the PDLLA in the moment of its most(More)
The behavior of conduct disordered (CD) children was compared with normal control (NC) children in interaction with normal peers. Dyads consisting of a) a CD child and a normal peer and b) an NC child and the same normal peer as in a) were observed. CD boys were less able than NC boys to neutralize incipient conflicts. Hitherto most behavioral studies of CD(More)