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Prognostic factor scoring systems provide one method of predicting severity of acute pancreatitis. This paper reports the prospective assessment of a system using nine factors available within 48 hours of admission. This assessment does not include patient data used to compile the system. Of 405 episodes of acute pancreatitis occurring in a seven year(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine perceptions of the place of advance directives in mental health care. METHODS Postal survey of stakeholders was carried out to assess their views on different models of advance directives in mental health care. A total of 473 responded. RESULTS In all, 28% of psychiatrists thought advance directives were(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the use and effect of a computer based information system for cancer patients that is personalised using each patient's medical record with a system providing only general information and with information provided in booklets. DESIGN Randomised trial with three groups. Data collected at start of radiotherapy, one week later (when(More)
OBJECTIVES A cross sectional survey of dentists in the west of Scotland and unmatched controls was conducted to find the effect of chronic exposure to mercury on health and cognitive functioning. METHODS 180 dentists were asked to complete a questionnaire that included items on handling of amalgam, symptoms experienced, possible influences on psychomotor(More)
The pulsed Nd: YAG laser is advocated as an alternative means of providing analgesia during routine dental procedures. Since the evidence to support this claim is mainly anecdotal, a clinical trial was carried out using an electric pulp tester (EPT) to measure the extent and duration of any analgesic effect induced by pulsed Nd: YAG laser treatment. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether motivational interviewing--a behavioural therapy for addictions-provided at home by specially trained midwives helps pregnant smokers to quit. DESIGN Randomised controlled non-blinded trial analysed by intention to treat. SETTING Clinics attached to two maternity hospitals in Glasgow. PARTICIPANTS 762/1684 pregnant women(More)
AIMS The aims of this in vitro study were to compare the cariostatic potential of a resin modified glass ionomer cement (Fuji Ortho LC) to that of a resin control (Transbond) for bracket bonding and to compare the effect of extrinsic fluoride application on the cariostatic potential of each material. SETTING Ex vivo study. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The aim of the study was to compare the mean clinical chair-side time required for bracket bonding and the mean bond failure rate at 6 and 12 months of stainless steel brackets with a micro-etched base bonded with a light-cured composite using a self-etching primer (SEP) or a two-stage etch and prime system.Fifty-one subjects who required upper and/or lower(More)
To identify individual risk factors and to establish an index of risk in biliary tract surgery, data on 16 potential predictive factors were compiled from a series of 186 biliary tract operations excluding simple cholecystectomy. Eight factors had a significant association with postoperative mortality. Linear discriminant analysis showed that serum(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the current evidence for the role of breastfeeding in the development of early onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with a systematic review. STUDY DESIGN An electronic database search was performed (January 1966-January 2008) with keywords related to IBD and breastfeeding, looking specifically for studies that reported outcome in(More)