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BACKGROUND Dabrafenib, an inhibitor of mutated BRAF, has clinical activity with a manageable safety profile in studies of phase 1 and 2 in patients with BRAF(V600)-mutated metastatic melanoma. We studied the efficacy of dabrafenib in patients with BRAF(V600E)-mutated metastatic melanoma. METHODS We enrolled patients in this open-label phase 3 trial(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is associated with a t(15;17) translocation that creates the promyelocyte-retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RAR alpha) fusion gene. Immunohistochemistry demonstrates that PML is a part of a novel macromolecular organelle (including at least three other nuclear proteins) referred to as PML oncogenic domains (PODs). In APL(More)
Arsenic trioxide has shown substantial efficacy in treating both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). As a single agent, it induces complete remissions, causing few adverse effects and only minimal myelosuppression. These successes have prompted investigations to elucidate the mechanisms of action underlying these(More)
PURPOSE Talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) is a herpes simplex virus type 1-derived oncolytic immunotherapy designed to selectively replicate within tumors and produce granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to enhance systemic antitumor immune responses. T-VEC was compared with GM-CSF in patients with unresected stage IIIB to IV melanoma in(More)
Arsenic trioxide induces c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation and apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), where it has major clinical activity, but whether JNK is necessary to induce apoptosis is unknown. To clarify this necessity, we established 2 arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3))-resistant subclones of the APL cell line, NB4. Both resistant lines(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoids, which are derivatives of vitamin A, induce differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells in vitro and in patients. However, APL cells develop resistance to retinoic acid treatment. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) can induce clinical remission in patients with APL, including those who have relapsed after retinoic acid treatment,(More)
PURPOSE To conduct a first-in-human phase I study to determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), characterize the pharmacokinetic profile, and document the antitumor activity of IPI-926, a new chemical entity that inhibits the Hedgehog pathway (HhP). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with solid tumors refractory to standard therapy were given IPI-926 once(More)
A highly sensitive nested reverse transcriptase-PCR assay, with primers derived from the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostate specific membrane antigen (PSM) cDNA sequences, has been used to detect occult hematogenous micrometastatic prostate cells. In 77 pa tients with prostate cancer, PSM and PSA primers detected circulating prostate cells in 48(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) signaling is mediated by its nuclear receptors RXR and RAR, which bind to their cognate response elements as a heterodimer, RXR/RAR, and act in concert with coregulatory factors to regulate gene transcription on ligand binding. To identify specific cofactors that interact with the RXR/RAR heterodimer in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)(More)
Non-liganded retinoic acid receptors (RARs) repress transcription of target genes by recruiting the histone deacetylase complex through a class of silencing mediators termed SMRT or N-CoR. Mutant forms of RARalpha, created by chromosomal translocations with either the PML (for promyelocytic leukaemia) or the PLZF (for promyelocytic leukaemia zinc finger)(More)