W. H. McCoy

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Human Langerhans cells (LCs) are highly efficient at priming cytolytic CD8(+) T cells compared with dermal CD14(+) dendritic cells (DCs). Here we show that dermal CD14(+) DCs instead prime a fraction of naïve CD8(+) T cells into cells sharing the properties of type 2 cytokine-secreting CD8(+) T cells (TC2). Differential expression of the CD8-antagonist(More)
Promiscuous mutant EcoRI endonucleases produce lethal to sublethal effects because they cleave Escherichia coli DNA despite the presence of the EcoRI methylase. Three promiscuous mutant forms, Ala138Thr, Glu192Lys and His114Tyr, have been characterized with respect to their binding affinities and first-order cleavage rate constants towards the three classes(More)
To escape immune recognition, viruses acquire amino acid substitutions in class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-presented cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes. Such viral escape mutations may (i) prevent peptide processing, (ii) diminish class I HLA binding, or (iii) alter T-cell recognition. Because residues 418 to 426 of the hypervariable influenza A(More)
One of the hallmarks of viral immune evasion is the capacity to disrupt major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) antigen presentation to evade T-cell detection. Cowpox virus encoded protein CPXV203 blocks MHCI surface expression by exploiting the KDEL-receptor recycling pathway, and here we show that CPXV203 directly binds a wide array of fully(More)
Smallpox decimated humanity for thousands of years before being eradicated by vaccination, a success facilitated by the fact that humans are the only host of variola virus. In contrast, other orthopoxviruses such as cowpox virus can infect a variety of mammalian species, although its dominant reservoir appears to be rodents. This difference in host(More)
This protocol describes protein production in mammalian cells by transient transfection. It assumes the expression construct contains either a 6-HIS or Fc fusion tag to allow recovery of the protein by affinity chromatography. The method is one of the simplest available for protein expression in eukaryotic cells, requires little specialized equipment, and(More)
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