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The patch-clamp recording technique was used to examine the properties of the K+ channels in cultured equine sweat gland epithelial cells. With symmetric K+ solutions (140 mM), a single population of K+ channels was identified with a slope conductance of 187 pS and a reversal potential of around 0 mV. The channel was selective for K+ over Na+. Channel(More)
Our previous study has demonstrated the activation of calcium-dependent Cl(-) secretion through P2Y(2) receptors by extracellular nucleotides. To evaluate the contribution and involvement of other receptor subtypes to this physiological response, the purpose of this study was to investigate the regulation of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i))(More)
Changes in intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) were monitored in a cell line that was derived from the equine sweat gland epithelium. ATP and closely related compounds could increase [Ca2+]i with a rank order of potency of UTP > or = ATP > ADP >> AMP = adenosine = alpha,beta-methylene-ATP. The responses to ATP and to UTP were initiated by the(More)
We explored the relationship between nucleotide-evoked changes in intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and anion secretion by measuring [Ca2+]i and I(SC) simultaneously in Fura-2-loaded, cultured equine sweat gland epithelia. Apical ATP, UTP or UDP elicited sustained increases in [Ca2+]i that were initiated by the mobilization of cytoplasmic Ca2+ but(More)
The effect of baicalein on mucosal ion transport in the rat distal colon was investigated in Ussing chambers. Mucosal addition of baicalein (1-100 microM) elicited a concentration-dependent short-circuit current (I(sc)) response. The increase in I(sc) was mainly due to Cl(-) secretion. The presence of mucosal indomethacin (10 microM) significantly reduced(More)
1. Anion secretion induced by capacitative Ca2+ entry through apical and basolateral membranes of cultured equine sweat gland epithelium was studied using the short-circuit current (Isc) technique. 2. Thapsigargin induced an increase in Isc that could be inhibited when external Ca2+ was chelated by EGTA. 3. The inhibition of the thapsigargin-induced Isc(More)
Lysylbradykinin (LBK) added to the apical or basolateral side of cultured rat epididymal monolayers stimulated a rise in short-circuit current (Isc) due to anion secretion. The concentration-response relationships for the apical and basolateral applications have EC50 value of 0.001 microM. The responses to apical or basolateral application of LBK were(More)
P2Y receptor activation causes the release of inflammatory cytokines in the bronchial epithelium, whereas G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), a novel estrogen (E2) receptor, may play an anti-inflammatory role in this process. We investigated the cellular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of GPER activation on the P2Y receptor-mediated Ca2+(More)
This paper introduces two forms of modular inverses and proves their reciprocity formulas respectively. These formulas are then applied to formulate new and generalized algorithm for computing these modular inverses. The same algorithm is also shown to be applicable for the Chinese Remainder problem, i.e., simultaneous linear congruence equations, for(More)