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This study examines the clinical features, pathologic findings, and outcome of 24 patients with biopsy-proven lithium toxicity. The patient population was 50% male, 87.5% Caucasian, and had a mean age of 42.5 yr (range, 26 to 57). Mean duration of lithium therapy for bipolar disorder was 13.6 yr (range, 2 to 25). All patients were biopsied for renal(More)
Proximal tubular epithelial cells from mice which develop autoimmune interstitial nephritis were found to express the nephritogenic target antigen, 3M-1. Anti-3M-1 mAbs (alpha 3M-1-Ab) were used to positively select for 3M-1-secreting tubular epithelium and, after stabilization in culture, this new cell line (MCT) was examined for the production of several(More)
We examined the effect of daily cyclosporin A administration on the development and extent of tubulointerstitial nephritis produced in rats immunized with tubular basement membranes in adjuvant. Six mg/kg/day of cyclosporin A, given from the time of immunization, completely blocked the development of interstitial lesions and renal insufficiency. The(More)
Anti-tubular basement membrane (alpha TBM) disease is a form of primary interstitial nephritis mediated by autoimmune T cells and alpha TBM antibodies. In mice and humans the nephritogenic immune response is directed to a glycoprotein (3M-1) found along the proximal tubule of the kidney. We have isolated cDNAs from an expression library that encodes for the(More)
The presentation of self-antigens to circulating T cells is a critical, precipitating event in the induction of autoimmune injury in parenchymal organs. Epithelia expressing these self-antigens are thought to release such moieties for reprocessing by traditional antigen-presenting cells within the lymphoid system. We now demonstrate, however, that some(More)
The experiments presented in this report describe the biochemical and functional characteristics of a soluble Th cell factor (ThF) which can induce a nephritogenic effector T cell repertoire producing autoimmune interstitial nephritis. The ThF is Ag-specific, I-A-restricted, and comprises two chains noncovalently linked as a heterodimer. One chain at(More)
Because mice susceptible to interstitial nephritis use different effector T cells than nonsusceptible mice, we analyzed the differentiation process of the effector T cell repertoire by using an in vitro culture technique. In the presence of helper T lymphocytes, accessory cells, IL 2, tubular antigen, and precursor effector cells, both Lyt-2+ nephritogenic(More)
The therapeutic application of immune regulation and suppressor T cells to the control and modulation of autoimmune disease is an area of growing experimental interest. Our group has been studying experimental interstitial nephritis, both to better understand the disease process itself and to test immunoregulatory strategies for their inhibitory and(More)
We have prepared antisera specific for Igh-V-linked determinants (alpha Igh-V) in order to study Igh-V restriction during the development of protective, T cell-mediated anti-idiotypic immunity in autoimmune interstitial nephritis. Suppressor T cells in this network use an antigen-binding (RE-Id+) factor (TsF1) secreted by first-order suppressor cells (Ts-1)(More)
We prepared soluble suppressor T cell factor (TsF1) from donor spleens harvested from mice primed with tubular antigen-derivatized lymphocytes to analyze both its functional interactions with a larger suppressor T cell network and its influence on the nephritogenic effector T cell response producing interstitial nephritis to a parenchymal antigen. Our(More)