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1. Membrane currents initiated by intense, 20 microseconds flashes (photocurrents) were recorded from isolated salamander rods by combined extracellular suction electrodes and intracellular tight-seal electrodes either in current or voltage clamp mode. The magnitudes (mean +/- 2 S.E.M.) of the maximal photoresponses recorded by the suction and by the… (More)
Like retinal rods, cone photoreceptors contain cyclic GMP and light-activated phosphodiesterase. The cGMP phosphodiesterase cascade is thought to mediate phototransduction in rods. Biochemical assays of nucleotide content in cone-dominant retinas, however, have failed to demonstrate light-induced changes in cGMP. Changes in cyclic AMP following light… (More)
To test the hypothesis that cyclic GMP is the internal messenger coupling rhodopsin activation to membrane excitation in vertebrate rod photoreceptors, we used a novel technique combining measurement of membrane currents of isolated salamander rods with a suction electrode and the introduction of cyclic GMP through a whole-cell recording patch pipette.… (More)
The exenterated orbital contents obtained post mortem from a 47-year-old man who had an eight-month history of treated hyperthyroidism and a two-month history of visual complaints were examined histopathologically, immunohistochemically, and by electron microscopy. All of the extraocular muscles were massively enlarged, due to early diffuse endomysial… (More)
Five patients with isolated ptosis and a paresis of ocular elevation in abduction consistent with an isolated superior division III nerve palsy are reported. In all instances the III nerve appeared to be involved before its reported anatomic bifurcation into a superior and an inferior division, in the anterior cavernous sinus.
Forced expiratory spirometric studies were performed on 512 nonsmoking black adult men and women with negative cardiorespiratory histories. Regression equations were calculated for forced vital capacity (FVC), percent vital capacity in 1 second (% FEV(1)), and forced midexpiratory flow rate FEF(25-75)%), using height and age. These equations resulted in… (More)
We used 18-F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) to study eight patients with homonymous hemianopias or quadrantanopias due to ischemic lesions of the visual pathways. Four patients with ischemic damage to all or part of the occipital lobe had decreased glucose metabolism in the affected region. Three… (More)