W. Guichard

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The thermal conductance of a single channel is limited by its unique quantum value G(Q), as was shown theoretically in 1983. This result closely resembles the well-known quantization of electrical conductance in ballistic one-dimensional conductors. Interestingly, all particles-irrespective of whether they are bosons or fermions-have the same quantized(More)
We have measured the ground state of ferromagnetic Josephson junctions using a single dc SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device).We show that the Josephson coupling is either positive (0 coupling) or negative (pi coupling) depending on the ferromagnetic layer thickness. As expected, the sign change of the Josephson coupling is observed as a(More)
We have measured the current-voltage characteristics of a single Josephson junction placed in a high impedance environment. The transfer of Cooper pairs through the junction is governed by overdamped quasicharge dynamics, leading to Coulomb blockade and Bloch oscillations. Exact duality exists to the standard overdamped phase dynamics of a Josephson(More)
By adding a large inductance in a dc-SQUID phase qubit loop, one decouples the junctions' dynamics and creates a superconducting artificial atom with two internal degrees of freedom. In addition to the usual symmetric plasma mode (s mode) which gives rise to the phase qubit, an antisymmetric mode (a mode) appears. These two modes can be described by two(More)
We present a novel shadow evaporation technique for the realization of junctions and capacitors. The design by e-beam lithography of strongly asymmetric undercuts on a bilayer resist enables in situ fabrication of junctions and capacitors without the use of the well-known suspended bridge (Dolan 1977 Appl. Phys. Lett. 31 337-9). The absence of bridges(More)
We have realized a tunable coupling over a large frequency range between an asymmetric Cooper pair transistor (charge qubit) and a dc SQUID (phase qubit). Our circuit enables the independent manipulation of the quantum states of each qubit as well as their entanglement. The measurement of the charge qubit's quantum states is performed by an adiabatic(More)
We investigate a quadratic-quartic anharmonic oscillator formed by a potential well between two potential barriers. We realize this novel potential with a dc SQUID at near-zero current bias and flux bias near half a flux quantum. Escape out of the central well can occur via tunneling through either of the two barriers. We find good agreement with a(More)
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