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abstract The ryanodine receptor (RyR)/Ca 2 ϩ release channel is an essential component of excitation–con-traction coupling in striated muscle cells. To study the function and regulation of the Ca 2 ϩ release channel, we tested the effect of caffeine on the full-length and carboxyl-terminal portion of skeletal muscle RyR expressed in a Chinese hamster ovary(More)
Confocal microscopy of fluo-4 fluorescence in pressurized rat mesenteric small arteries subjected to low-frequency electrical field stimulation revealed Ca2+ transients in perivascular nerves and novel, spatially localized Ca2+ transients in adjacent smooth muscle cells. These muscle Ca2+ transients occur with a very brief latency to the stimulus pulse(More)
Contraction of small arteries is regulated by the sympathetic nervous system, but the Ca2+ transients during neurally stimulated contraction of intact small arteries have not yet been recorded. We loaded rat mesenteric small arteries with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fluo-4 and mounted them in a myograph that permitted simultaneous (i) high-speed confocal(More)
The effects of Mg(2+) and nifedipine (Nif) on vasoconstriction and Ca(2+) transients were studied in intact, pressurized rat mesenteric arteries with myogenic tone. Changes in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) were measured with confocal microscopy in fluo 4-AM loaded, individual myocytes. Myogenic tone was abolished by 10 mM Mg(2+) or 0.3(More)
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) plays an essential role in the control of total peripheral vascular resistance by controlling the contraction of small arteries. The SNS also exerts long-term trophic influences in health and disease; SNS hyperactivity accompanies most forms of human essential hypertension, obesity and heart failure. At their junctions(More)
Much evidence suggests that caffeine/ryanodine (Caf/Ry)-releasable and inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-releasable Ca2+ stores in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of smooth muscles are at least partially distinct. We directly visualized SR stores in primary-cultured rat mesenteric artery myocytes with high-resolution digital imaging and the low-affinity(More)
UNLABELLED Two-photon fluorescence microscopy and conscious, restrained optical biosensor mice were used to study smooth muscle Ca(2+) signaling in ear arterioles. Conscious mice were used in order to preserve normal mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). ExMLCK mice, which express a genetically-encoded smooth(More)
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