W. Gerald Robison

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The Pax6 transcription factor functions early during embryogenesis to control key steps in brain, pancreas, olfactory and ocular system development. A requirement for Pax6 in proper formation of lens, iris and retina is well documented. By examining the corneas of heterozygous Small eye (SEY) mice, this report shows that Pax6 is also necessary for normal(More)
alpha A-crystallin (alpha A) and alpha B-crystallin (alpha B) are among the predominant proteins of the vertebrate eye lens. In vitro, the alpha-crystallins, which are isolated together as a high molecular mass aggregate, exhibit a number of properties, the most interesting of which is their ability to function as molecular chaperones for other proteins.(More)
BACKGROUND Recently we reported that intracoronary administration of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a potent angiogenic peptide, increases collateral blood flow in dogs subjected to progressive left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) occlusion. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of systemically administered bFGF on collateral blood(More)
A twofold thickening of capillary basement membranes of rat retinas resulting from dietary galactose was prevented by sorbinil, an inhibitor of aldose reductase. Since the basement membrane thickening was ultrastructurally similar to that typical of diabetic retinopathy, it may indicate changes in vessel permeability and susceptibility to hemorrhage.(More)
Lipofuscins, also known as age-pigments, have three defining characteristics: (1) they consist of intracellular secondary lysosomes; (2) they have a yellow autofluorescent emission when excited by near ultraviolet or blue light; and (3) they accumulate during normal senescence. Lysosomal storage bodies with similar fluorescence properties accumulate in(More)
The progressive increase in urinary albumin excretion, which precedes the development of diabetic nephropathy, can be prevented in diabetic rats if the aldose reductase inhibitor, tolrestat, is administered at the initiation and throughout the duration of hyperglycaemia. We therefore determined the ability of tolrestat to intervene in the further(More)
One of the earliest histopathological signs of diabetic retinopathy is a selective loss of intramural pericytes from retinal capillaries. In the present study, the retinal vessels of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes (STZ Wistar) and rats with genetically-induced insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (BB Wistar) and non-insulin dependent diabetes(More)
In order to determine whether neuronal cell death in the retina accompanies senescence, retinas from pigmented ACI rats of various ages were analysed for changes in dimensions, cell densities, DNA content, and rhodopsin levels. Between the ages of 4 and 30 months, there were significant declines in the densities of nuclei in all three nuclear layers of the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo transscleral-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) permeability of PEDF and structurally related proteins for the exploration of novel routes of protein delivery to the retina. METHODS Monkey RPE cells were cultured on permeable supports to separate apical and basal compartments. Porcine scleral tissue(More)
Hyperglycemia plays a primary causal role in the early vascular damage leading to diabetic retinopathy, but the intermediate biochemical mechanisms involved are not known. Because albumin modified by Amadori glucose adducts has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, we investigated whether or not glycated albumin plays a similar role(More)