W G Yu

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The quinoxaline derivative, 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo (F) quinoxaline (NBQX), significantly reduced the currents evoked by exogenous application of quisqualate (QQ), kainate (KA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) when applied to ganglion cells, using whole-cell recording in a slice preparation of the tiger(More)
Whole-cell recordings were obtained from retinal ganglion cells of the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) in a superfused slice preparation to evaluate contributions of NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) and KA/AMPA (kainate/alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxalone propionic acid) receptors to excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) of retinal ganglion(More)
When the quinoxaline NBQX (2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo (F) quinoxaline), a KA/AMPA antagonist, is bath applied to the tiger salamander retina, a paradoxical action is evident in the light-evoked synaptic responses of ganglion cells: NBQX enhances excitatory synaptic currents at light onset observed under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions in a(More)
A method for evoking neurotransmitter release without light stimulation has been developed and applied to a retinal slice preparation of the tiger salamander (Ambystoma Tigrum). This method utilizes a micropipette containing hyperosmotic levels of sucrose in Ringer, positioned within the inner plexiform layer (IPL) under visual control. Intermittent(More)
The quinoxaline NBQX (2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo (F) quinoxaline) is a potent non-NMDA receptor antagonist, which appears to be relatively free of antagonistic action at the glycine binding site of the NMDA receptor. However, we report here that at 50 microM, NBQX significantly attenuated the inhibitory currents induced by the exogenous(More)
We investigated changes in whole-cell currents, cell volume, and intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) during hypotonic stimulation in whole-cell clamped cultured amphibian renal cells (A6 cells). Upon being exposed to hypotonic solution (80% osmolality), the A6 cells swelled and peaked in the first 5 min, which was followed by a progressive(More)
Experiments were performed on sodium pentobarbital anesthetized and bilaterally vagotomized adult SD rats. Microinjection of an excitatory neurotoxin, kainic acid, into pre-Bötzinger complex initially lengthened the duration of inspiration, shortened the duration of expiration and increased the respiratory frequency, and subsequently abolished rhythmic(More)
The effects of iontophoretic application of acetylcholine (ACh), glycine (Gly) and their antagonist atropine, strychnine on the spontaneous discharge of the neurons in the caudal half of the nucleus paragigantocellularis lateralis (cPGCL) and the influence of atropine and strychnine on the effects of ACh and Gly respectively were observed on 17 anesthetized(More)
The distribution of cell bodies containing serotonin (5-HT)-, substance-P (SP)-, L-enkephalin (L-ENK)- and neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like immunoreactivity (IR) in the nucleus paragigantocellularis lateralis (PGCL) of the rat was studied immunocytochemically. Perikarya containing 5-HT-, SP- or L-ENK-IR were found throughout the rostro-caudal extent of the PGCL.(More)
An important event in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions is the uptake of modified low density lipoprotein (LDL) by macrophages via scavenger receptors. Modification of LDL, which results in its recognition by these receptors, can be initiated by peroxidation of LDL lipids. The first step in this process is the formation of monohydroperoxy derivatives(More)
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