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PURPOSE To improve the 30-year-old "trypsin digestion" procedure for isolation of the complete retinal vasculature, which, in its time, was a revolutionary advance that allowed important discoveries about diabetic retinopathy; to provide a method that will yield more consistent results when applied to retinas representing a wide range of ages, species, and(More)
In order to determine whether neuronal cell death in the retina accompanies senescence, retinas from pigmented ACI rats of various ages were analysed for changes in dimensions, cell densities, DNA content, and rhodopsin levels. Between the ages of 4 and 30 months, there were significant declines in the densities of nuclei in all three nuclear layers of the(More)
A lipofuscin-like autofluorescence develops in the degenerating photoreceptor cells of the RCS rat, a strain with inherited retinal dystrophy. In animals with normal retinas, age-related lipofuscin accumulation in the eye is restricted to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Previous investigations have established that RPE lipofuscin accumulation in the(More)
The earliest histopathologic signs of diabetic retinopathy include selective loss of intramural pericytes and thickening of capillary basement membranes. Previous evidence from animal models indicated that aldose reductase inhibitors could prevent these capillary wall lesions, but only recently have aldose reductase inhibitors been tested for prevention of(More)
A variety of evidence suggests that autoxidation of cellular components probably plays a significant role in the age-related accumulation of lipofuscin, or age-pigment, in the mammalian retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Among the likely candidates for conversion into RPE lipofuscin fluorophores via autoxidative mechanisms are vitamin A compounds, which are(More)
The interrelationships of vitamins E and A in maintaining various structural components of the retina were studied in four groups of weanling female rats fed purified diets adequate or deficient in each vitamin: +E, +A; -E, +A; +E, -A; and -E, -A. Groups deficient in retinol (-A) were supplemented with retinoic acid. After 14, 21, and 35 weeks, the retinas(More)
A twofold thickening of capillary basement membranes of rat retinas resulting from dietary galactose was prevented by sorbinil, an inhibitor of aldose reductase. Since the basement membrane thickening was ultrastructurally similar to that typical of diabetic retinopathy, it may indicate changes in vessel permeability and susceptibility to hemorrhage.(More)
Adult rhesus and pigtail monkeys were exposed to a uniform field of light from daylight fluorescent lamps to determine the initial site and characteristics of structural retinal damage induced by continuous exposure and the threshold intensity required to produce the effects. Electron microscopic examination revealed that the initial site of damage is the(More)
Normally, direct contacts between pericytes and endothelial cells occur frequently in both retinal and optic nerve capillaries. The contacts are made through fenestrae in the thick basement membranes which separate the plasma membranes of the two cell types over most of their juxtaposed surfaces. This study was initiated to determine if there was any change(More)
Development of the functional secretory epithelium in the mammary gland of the female mouse requires the elongation of the anlage through the mammary fat pad to form the primary/secondary ductal network from which tertiary ductal side-branches and lobuloalveoli develop. In this study we examined the hormonal requirements for the spatial development of the(More)