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The peptide angiotensin II is the effector molecule of the reninangiotensin system. All the haemodynamic effects of angiotensin II, including vasoconstriction and adrenal aldosterone release, are mediated through a single class of cell-surface receptors known as AT1 (refs 1, 2). These receptors contain the structural features of the G-protein-coupled(More)
Angiotensin II is the major effector peptide of the renin-angiotensin system, and it exerts its physiologic functions via a G protein-coupled cell surface receptor called AT1. We found that in rat aortic smooth muscle cells, angiotensin II stimulated the formation of Ras-GTP, Ras-Raf-1 complex formation, and the tyrosine phosphorylation of two important Ras(More)
The receptor for angiotensin II (Ang II) has recently been cloned; it is a receptor with seven transmembrane spanning domains that stimulates phosphoinositide hydrolysis upon ligand binding. The physiologic effects of Ang II are important in the regulation of vascular function. In this study, we examined the ability of Ang II to regulate the enzymatic(More)
In this review, the angiotensin-II-mediated signal transduction pathways involved in vascular smooth muscle cell growth are discussed. Classical pathways involving phospholipase C and protein kinase C, as well as the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, are common signal transduction pathways activated by a variety of growth factors to stimulate cell(More)
Angiotensin II AT1 receptor signal transduction has recently been shown to function through the phospholipase C isozyme, PLC-gamma. Since PLC-gamma is known to interact with phosphotyrosine containing proteins through SH2 domains, we examined the phosphorylation state of the AT1 receptor. Immunoprecipitation of the [32P] labeled AT1 receptor from rat aortic(More)
Our previous study has shown that angiotensin II induces the rapid tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of phospholipase C-gamma 1 in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle (RASM) cells (Marrero, M.B., Paxton, W.G., Duff, J. L., Berk, B. C., and Bernstein, K. E. (1994) J. Biol. Chem, 269, 10935-10939). This signaling pathway is initiated by ligand binding to(More)
To study receptors for angiotensin II, polyclonal rabbit anti-peptide antisera were prepared against the peptide QDDCPKAGRHC corresponding to amino acids 15-24 of the rat AT1A and AT1B receptors. Western analysis of rat tissues showed a major band of approximately 43 kDa. The antisera immunoprecipitated AT1-receptor protein produced in vitro.(More)
Angiotensin II is a potent growth factor for vascular smooth muscle cells and shares many signal transduction mechanisms with mitogens, including stimulation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases and protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation involves both protein-tyrosine kinases and protein-tyrosine phosphatases(More)
Angiotensin II is the major effector peptide of the renin-angiotensin system. In addition to its vasoconstrictor activity, angiotensin II stimulates smooth muscle cell growth in arterial hypertension and in models of vascular injury. The angiotensin II type 1 receptor is a seven-transmembrane receptor and is responsible for virtually all the physiological(More)