W. G. Nichols

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BACKGROUND Community-acquired respiratory viruses, such as influenza virus, are thought to be major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients who had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Risk factors for acquisition, progression to pneumonia, and the effect of antiviral therapy are unknown. METHODS We reviewed records from(More)
Prophylactic fluconazole prevents candidiasis; however, this drug has no activity against molds. We performed a randomized trial to determine whether prophylactic itraconazole prevents invasive mold infections (IMIs). A total of 304 patients receiving allogeneic stem cell transplants (SCT) were randomized to receive fluconazole (400 mg/d) or itraconazole(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Significant progress has been made in the prevention of CMV disease over the past decade, but prevention of late CMV disease continues to be a challenge in selected high-risk populations. The pretransplantation CMV serostatus of the(More)
Parainfluenza virus (PIV) infections may be significant causes of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing stem cell transplantation, but data regarding their impact on transplant-related mortality is limited. This study sought to determine the risk factors of PIV acquisition and progression to lower respiratory tract infection, their impact on(More)
The impact of cytomegalovirus (CMV) serostatus (seropositive [(+)] or seronegative [(-)]) of the donor (D) and recipient (R) on mortality after allogeneic non-T cell-depleted stem cell transplantation (SCT) in the era of preemptive therapy was assessed among 1750 patients by means of multivariable Cox regression models. In an analysis that included only(More)
Previous studies have shown that detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in plasma is less sensitive than the antigenemia assay for CMV surveillance in blood. In 1,983 blood samples, plasma PCR assays with three different primer sets (UL125 alone, UL126 alone, and UL55/UL123-exon 4) were compared to the pp65 antigenemia assay and blood cultures. Plasma PCR(More)
In the current era of effective prophylactic and preemptive therapy, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is now a rare cause of early mortality after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the ultimate goal of completely eliminating the impact of CMV on survival remains elusive. Although the direct effects of CMV (ie, CMV pneumonia) have been largely(More)
Community respiratory viruses (CRVs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT). At the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and parainfluenza virus (PIV) infections in HSCT recipients have been studied intensively for more than a decade. Over time,(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal prevention of late cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease is poorly defined. OBJECTIVE To compare valganciclovir prophylaxis with polymerase chain reaction-guided preemptive therapy. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00016068). SETTING Multicenter trial. PATIENTS 184 recipients of hematopoietic cell(More)
Though several antivirals have been developed and marketed to treat influenza virus infections, the development of antiviral agents with clinical activity against other respiratory viruses has been more problematic. Here we review the epidemiology of respiratory viral infections in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts, examine the evidence(More)