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A series of 8-substituted derivatives of 3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (DMPX) was synthesized and investigated as A2A adenosine receptor antagonists. Different synthetic strategies for the preparation of DMPX derivatives and analogues were explored. A recently developed synthetic procedure starting from 3-propargyl-5,6-diaminouracil proved to be the(More)
The Micronesian sponge Oceanapia sp. afforded three pyridoacridine alkaloids: the known compounds kuanoniamine C (1) and kuanoniamine D (2), as well as the new N-deacyl derivative (3) of the kuanoniamines. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited insecticidal activity toward neonate larvae of the polyphagous pest insect Spodoptera littoralis (LC50 of 156 and 59 ppm,(More)
8-(Sulfostyryl)xanthine derivatives were synthesized as water-soluble A2A-selective adenosine receptor (AR) antagonists. meta- and para-sulfostyryl-DMPX (3,7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine) derivatives 11a and 11b exhibited high affinity to rat A2A-AR in submicromolar concentrations, and were 20- to 30-fold selective versus rat A1-AR. Styryl-DMPX derivatives(More)
A series of 28 new pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-4-amines, pyrimido[4, 5-b]indole-4-amines, and tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]indole-4-amines was synthesized and their adenosine receptor affinity determined in radioligand binding assays at rat A(1) and A(2A) adenosine receptors (ARs). Selected compounds were additionally investigated in binding assays at recombinant(More)
In the present study we synthesized aza-analogs of 8-styrylxanthines, in which the ethenyl bridge is replaced by an imine, amide, or azo function, in order to investigate structure-activity relationships of the 8-substituent of A2A-selective xanthine derivatives. Thus, various 8-substituents were combined with theophylline or caffeine, respectively, and(More)
  • W Frobenius
  • 1999
The search for the corpus luteum hormone progesterone took more than three decades and the efforts of many scientists all over Europe and the USA. In 1934, after a dramatic neck-and-neck scientific race, four research groups independently from each other reported on the successful isolation of the pure substance. Two of the groups were from the then-German(More)
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