W. Friedland

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Monte Carlo computer models that simulate the detailed, event-by-event transport of electrons in liquid water are valuable for the interpretation and understanding of findings in radiation chemistry and radiation biology. Because of the paucity of experimental data, such efforts must rely on theoretical principles and considerable judgment in their(More)
The Monte Carlo track structure code PARTRAC has been further improved by implementing electron scattering cross-sections for liquid water and by explicitly modelling the interaction of water radicals with DNA. The model of the genome inside a human cell nucleus in its interphase is based on the atomic coordinates of the DNA double helix with an additional(More)
This review describes the PARTRAC suite of comprehensive Monte Carlo simulation tools for calculations of track structures of a variety of ionizing radiation qualities and their biological effects. A multi-scale target model characterizes essential structures of the whole genomic DNA within human fibroblasts and lymphocytes in atomic resolution. Calculation(More)
The biophysical radiation track simulation model PARTRAC was improved by implementing new interaction cross sections for protons in water. Computer-simulated tracks of energy deposition events from protons and their secondary electrons were superimposed on a higher-order DNA target model describing the spatial coordinates of the whole genome inside a human(More)
A realistic DNA target model has been developed and implemented in the biophysical simulation code PARTRAC. It describes five levels of the B-DNA structure (nucleotides, DNA helices, nucleosomes, chromatin fiber structure and chromatin fiber loops) on an atomic level for the whole genome inside a mammalian cell nucleus. The model is capable of describing(More)
A new physical module for the biophysical simulation code PARTRAC has recently been developed, based on newly derived electron inelastic-scattering cross-sections in liquid water. In the present work, two modules of PARTRAC describing the production, diffusion and interaction of chemical species were developed with the specific purpose of quantifying the(More)
Time-dependent yields of the most important products of water radiolysis E(aq)(-), (*)OH, H(*), H(3)O(+), H(2), OH(-) and H(2)O(2) have been calculated for (60)Co-photons, electrons, protons, helium- and carbon-ions incident onto water. G values have been evaluated for the interval from 1 ps to 1 mus after initial energy deposition as a function of time, as(More)
High-linear energy transfer (LET) ion irradiation of cell nuclei induces complex and severe DNA lesions, and foci of repair proteins are formed densely along the ion trajectory. To efficiently discriminate the densely distributed/overlapping foci along the ion trajectory, a focus recognition algorithm called FociPicker3D based on a local fraction(More)
The influence of relaxations of atoms making up the DNA and atoms attached to it on radiation-induced cellular DNA damage by photons was studied by very detailed Monte Carlo track structure calculations, as an unusually high importance of inner shell ionizations for biological action was suspected from reports in the literature. For our calculations cross(More)