Learn More
Capacitation is a priming event that renders mammalian spermatozoa responsive to signals originating from the cumulus-oocyte complex. The attainment of a capacitated state is dependent upon an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation and results in the acquisition of responsiveness to physiological agonists such as progesterone and ZP3. In this study we have(More)
Cyclooxygenase type-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in malignant tumours including breast cancers, though the mechanism of upregulation is unclear. This study aimed to determine COX-2 expression in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in comparison to invasive breast cancer (IBC) and normal breast, and also to investigate the relationship of COX-2 expression with(More)
In lung cancer cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression has been reported to stabilise survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) which prevents cell death by blocking activated caspases. COX-2 expression limits the ubiquitination of survivin, protecting it from degradation. To determine if COX-2 expression in breast cancer showed an association with survivin(More)
The association between tumour vascularity and relapse was examined in 93 patients with lymph node negative (LNN) invasive breast cancer. Factor VIII-related antibody was used to stain the microvessels. Vascularity was defined by the number of vessels per field counted in the area of highest vascular density at 100 x magnification. These vascular counts(More)
The type 1 tyrosine kinase receptor HER2 (c-erbB2/neu) is associated with resistance to hormone therapy and poor survival in invasive breast cancer, whereas HER4 expression is associated with endocrine responsiveness. Patterns of tyrosine kinase receptor coexpression may aid prediction of recurrence risk after surgery for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).(More)
BACKGROUND Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, yet little is known concerning factors which influence participation in physical activity or exercise. Two studies assessed the relationships between self-reported physical activity and social support for exercise. METHOD One study involved a biracial sample of(More)
Progesterone exerts an extragenomic action on human spermatozoa, inducing a rapid calcium transient in the acrosomal domain of these cells and enhancing their potential for fertilization. This response is known to exhibit an absolute dependence on the presence of extracellular bicarbonate, although the mechanisms underlying this interaction are not(More)
Human spermatozoa possess a specialized capacity to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) that is thought to be of significance in the redox regulation of sperm capacitation (De Lamirande and Gagnon, 1993; Aitken et al., 1995). However, the mechanisms by which ROS are generated by these cells are not understood. In this study we have examined the possible(More)
BACKGROUND Breast conserving surgery (BCS) is common practice for unifocal ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) less than 4 cm in size, but the extent of tumor free margin width around DCIS necessary to minimize recurrence is unclear. METHODS Clinical and pathologic details were recorded from all patients with pure DCIS < 4 cm in size, treated with BCS between(More)