Learn More
Astrocyte proliferation and perivascular lymphocyte infiltration are conspicuous among the cellular changes in the active brain lesions of multiple sclerosis patients. Recent observations have indicated that most of the perivascular lymphocytes are T cells which may be actively involved in the generation of the brain lesions. Much less is known about the(More)
Ia antigens seem to control immune responses on at least two levels. First, they influence the antigen recognition repertoire of the T cells. Second, their variable expression on certain antigen-presenting cells is a powerful regulatory mechanism for the local immune reaction. This is particularly important in the central nervous system (CNS) in which no Ia(More)
Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis transferred adoptively with myelin basic protein-specific T line cells (AT-EAE) were studied clinically, electrophysiologically, and histologically. Injection with 5 x 10(6) line cells induced EAE with a rapidly developing tetraplegia after a latent period of 4 days. Electrophysiological testing(More)
HIV-1 subtypes were determined in newly diagnosed residents of Switzerland. Blood was anonymously collected from patients with a first confirmed positive HIV-1 test result. Viral DNA from the env V3-V5 region was amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and screened for subtype B by heteroduplex mobility assay. All amplicons not identified as B(More)
Atypical, cytoplasmic and perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (x-, c- and pANCA, respectively) are associated with a variety of inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies are more common in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) than in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Most(More)
Various studies strongly suggest that astrocytes are potent immune-regulating cells. They can be activated to release prostaglandin E, interleukin-1- and interleukin-3-like factors. Cocultivation of antigen-specific T cell lines and astrocytes results in induction of Ia on astrocytes and antigen-specific proliferation of T cells. In the current study,(More)
To investigate the local immunological situation in the lung of HIV-infected patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonias (HIV-PCP), we analyzed the proportion and the distribution of lymphocyte subpopulations and their state of activation in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and peripheral blood of 21 HIV-PCP patients (CDC classification group IV) compared to(More)
In a prospective randomized trial in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, the impact of a new enteral formula supplemented with arginine, omega-3 fatty acids, and nucleotides (A, n = 14) on immunological parameters was compared with a standard enteral formula (B, n = 14) and a low calorie/low fat intravenous solution (C, n = 13). Four days(More)
Natalizumab (Tysabri) (anti-VLA4) is a novel agent for treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) [Polman C.H., O'Connor P.W., Havrdova E. et al., 2006. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of natalizumab for relapsing multiple sclerosis. N. Engl. J. Med. 354, 899-910.]. Controlled trials have shown considerable efficacy in preventing relapses, in(More)