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Astrocyte proliferation and perivascular lymphocyte infiltration are conspicuous among the cellular changes in the active brain lesions of multiple sclerosis patients. Recent observations have indicated that most of the perivascular lymphocytes are T cells which may be actively involved in the generation of the brain lesions. Much less is known about the(More)
In a prospective randomized trial in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, the impact of a new enteral formula supplemented with arginine, omega-3 fatty acids, and nucleotides (A, n = 14) on immunological parameters was compared with a standard enteral formula (B, n = 14) and a low calorie/low fat intravenous solution (C, n = 13). Four days(More)
The presentation by antigen-presenting cells of immunodominant peptide segments in association with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encoded proteins is fundamental to the efficacy of a specific immune response. One approach used to identify immunodominant segments within proteins has involved the development of predictive algorithms which utilize(More)
Ia antigens seem to control immune responses on at least two levels. First, they influence the antigen recognition repertoire of the T cells. Second, their variable expression on certain antigen-presenting cells is a powerful regulatory mechanism for the local immune reaction. This is particularly important in the central nervous system (CNS) in which no Ia(More)
Ten patients with symptomatic HIV infection (six with ARC, four with AIDS) received tetanus and 23-valent pneumococcal vaccination. Anti-tetanus IgG and IgM, and anti-pneumococcal IgG against all 23 capsular types of the vaccine were measured on days 0, 11, 17, 30, and 90. Anti-pneumococcal IgG were simultaneously determined in two plasma pools of 100(More)
HIV-1 subtypes were determined in newly diagnosed residents of Switzerland. Blood was anonymously collected from patients with a first confirmed positive HIV-1 test result. Viral DNA from the env V3-V5 region was amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and screened for subtype B by heteroduplex mobility assay. All amplicons not identified as B(More)
To delineate the extent of O-galactosyltransferase deficiency within the lymphoid lineage, monoclonal antibody specific for the Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen (Gal beta 1----3GalNAc alpha 1-O-Ser/Thr) and its precursor the Tn antigen (GalNAc alpha 1-O-Ser/Thr) were applied to the flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood lymphocytes from a patient(More)
Natalizumab (Tysabri) (anti-VLA4) is a novel agent for treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) [Polman C.H., O'Connor P.W., Havrdova E. et al., 2006. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of natalizumab for relapsing multiple sclerosis. N. Engl. J. Med. 354, 899-910.]. Controlled trials have shown considerable efficacy in preventing relapses, in(More)
Adoptive transfer experimental autoimmune neuritis (AT-EAN) produced in Lewis rats by injection of P2-reactive T lymphocyte line cells offers the unique possibility to study the exclusive contribution of cell-mediated immune responses to the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). It further lends itself to the evaluation(More)
Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis transferred adoptively with myelin basic protein-specific T line cells (AT-EAE) were studied clinically, electrophysiologically, and histologically. Injection with 5 x 10(6) line cells induced EAE with a rapidly developing tetraplegia after a latent period of 4 days. Electrophysiological testing(More)