W. F. Walker

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Single particle tracking has seen numerous applications in biophysics, ranging from the diffusion of proteins in cell membranes to the movement of molecular motors. A plethora of computer algorithms have been developed to monitor the sub-pixel displacement of fluorescent objects between successive video frames, and some have been claimed to have "nanometer"(More)
A cell-scaled microbead system was used to analyze the force-dependent kinetics of P-selectin adhesive bonds independent of micromechanical properties of the neutrophil's surface microvilli, an elastic structure on which P-selectin ligand glycoprotein-1 (PSGL-1) is localized. Microvillus extension has been hypothesized in contributing to the dynamic range(More)
K-space is a frequency domain description of imaging systems and targets that can be used to gain insight into image formation. Although originally proposed in ultrasound for the analysis of experiments involving anisotropic scattering and for the design of acoustic tomography systems, it is particularly useful for the analysis of pulse echo ultrasonic(More)
Time delay estimation (TDE) lies at the heart of signal processing algorithms in a broad range of application areas, including communications, coherent imaging, speech processing, and acoustics. In medical ultrasound for example, TDE is used in blood flow estimation, tissue motion measurement, tissue elasticity estimation, phase aberration correction, and a(More)
Time-delay estimation (TDE) is a common operation in ultrasound signal processing. In applications such as blood flow estimation, elastography, phase aberration correction, and many more, the quality of final results is heavily dependent upon the performance of the time-delay estimator implemented. In the past years, several algorithms have been developed(More)
Tissue speed of sound inhomogeneities cause significant degradation of medical ultrasound images. In certain cases these inhomogeneities can be modeled as a thin, spatially varying time delay screen located at the face of the transducer. Correction of such aberrators requires the addition of compensating time delays to the normal system focusing delays.(More)
Image registration and motion estimation play central roles in many fields, including RADAR, SONAR, light microscopy, and medical imaging. Because of its central significance, estimator accuracy, precision, and computational cost are of critical importance. We have previously presented a highly accurate, spline-based time delay estimator that directly(More)
Inappropriate blood coagulation plays a central role in the onset of myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism, and other thrombotic disorders. The ability to screen for an increased propensity to clot could prevent the onset of such events by appropriately identifying those at risk and enabling prophylactic treatment. Similarly, the ability to(More)
For nearly four decades, adaptive beamforming (ABF) algorithms have been applied in RADAR and SONAR signal processing. These algorithms reduce the contribution of undesired off-axis signals while maintaining a desired response along a specific look direction. Typically, higher resolution and contrast is attainable using adaptive beamforming at the price of(More)
Existing methods for characterizing the imaging performance of ultrasound systems do not clearly quantify the impact of contrast, spatial resolution, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Although the beamplot, contrast resolution metrics, SNR measurements, ideal observer methods, and contrast-detail analysis provide useful information, it remains difficult to(More)