W F O'Shea

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The distance heterophoria was measured using both the von Graefe and Maddox rod clinic procedures under standard reduced illumination conditions and in total darkness. Tonic vergence was measured in total darkness. The phoria measures were more divergent than tonic vergence, with the von Graefe being the more divergent of the two measures. The difference(More)
Astrocytic hamartomas are typically white, well-circumscribed, elevated lesions arising in single or multiple areas of the retina and epi- or peripapillary optic nerve. These lesions are most commonly associated with tuberous sclerosis and less commonly associated with neurofibromatosis. However, solitary retinal or optic nerve astrocytomas can be found in(More)
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