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The nicotine withdrawal syndrome was validated and characterized in the mouse using both somatic and affective measures after infusion with nicotine daily via subcutaneous minipumps. The influence of dose, duration of infusion, and repeated withdrawal as well as the contribution of genetic factors were investigated. We then characterized the contribution of(More)
The authors reviewed the clinical manifestations, complications, and the prognosis affected by Lilly Cyanide Antidote in 21 victims of acute cyanide poisoning over a 10-year period. The clinical signs and symptoms in cyanide poisoning are variable. Among 21 cases, loss of consciousness (15), metabolic acidosis (14), and cardiopulmonary failure (9) were the(More)
Bajiaolian (Dysosma pleianthum), one species in the Mayapple family, has been widely used as a general remedy and for the treatment of snake bite, weakness, condyloma accuminata, lymphadenopathy and tumours in China for thousands of years. However, the textbooks of traditional Chinese medicine mention little about the toxicity of Bajiaolian. Within 1 year,(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify initial clinical characteristics that can lead to early diagnosis of renal abscess in the emergency department and predict poor prognosis. A retrospective review of 88 renal abscess patients, from April 1979 through January 1996, was conducted. Patients were categorized into two groups. In group 1, renal abscess was(More)
The variable and nonspecific presentations of psoas abscess, as well as its infrequent incidence in the emergency department (ED), can result in delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Previous reports have not discussed the diagnostic difficulties of psoas abscess from the viewpoint of emergency physicians (EPs), especially in light of the widespread use of ED(More)
BACKGROUND Betel nut chewing has long been a social habit in Taiwan and other Asian and tropical countries. It produces various autonomic and psychoneurologic effects including tachycardia, flushing, warmth, cholinergic activation, alertness, and euphoria. Although the oral carcinogenic effects are well known, data concerning its acute toxicity are few. To(More)
A prospective study was conducted to see whether emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in patients with active upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is associated with more oxygen desaturation than nonemergent EGD. Emergent EGD was performed in the study patients with active upper GI bleeding. Nonemergent EGD was performed in the control patients.(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate clinical features and outcomes in patients with acute cholecystitis with gall bladder perforation receiving open cholecystectomy or percutaneous transhepatic gall bladder drainage in the emergency department. METHODS From 1996 through 2005, 33 patients with non-traumatic gall bladder perforation, among 585 patients with acute(More)
To compare emergency department (ED) use by elderly patients (age 65 yrs or older) with that by younger adult patients (age 15-64 yrs), a prospective consecutive chart review study was conducted from August 1, 1995 through May 31, 1996 in eight designated hospitals in Taipei city (which has 2.6 million residents, 8.4% of whom are 65 yrs or older). Patient(More)
The purpose of this prospective case series was to outline the characteristics of Chinese traditional medicine poisonings and develop essential information for poison prevention and management. All phone inquiries made to the Poison Center related to Chinese traditional medicines from January 1, 1991 to December 31, 1993 were included. Standardized(More)