W. F. Körner

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24 h samples of untreated and treated wastewater were taken in parallel from a modern municipal sewage plant in southern Germany in March and June 1998. After solid phase extraction, total estrogenic activity was quantitatively measured with a miniaturized E-screen assay and the levels of nine estrogenic phenolic chemicals analyzed by HRGC/LRMS.(More)
A gas chromatography/mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantitative determination of natural and synthetic estrogens (17beta-estradiol, estrone, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, and mestranol), phytoestrogens (genistein and beta-sitosterol), and xenoestrogens (benzyl butyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate, bisphenol A, 4-nonylphenol [NP],(More)
Nine structurally different phenolic chemicals, which have been reported to mimic estrogen effects, were determined in various aquatic environmental compartments. Twenty-three water samples from five streams and rivers showed levels up to 458 ng/l for 4-nonylphenol (4NP), 189 ng/l for 4-t-octylphenol (4tOP), 272 ng/l for bisphenol A (BPA) and 47 ng/l for(More)
A simplified proliferation test with human estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells (E-screen assay) was optimized and validated for the sensitive quantitative determination of total estrogenic activity in effluent samples from municipal sewage plants. After solid phase extraction of 1 l sewage on either 0.2 g polystyrene copolymer (ENV+) or 1 g(More)
The E-Screen assay serves as an in vitro tool for the detection of estrogenic activity of chemicals and extracts of environmental samples. Based on the induction of proliferation in human estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells we could substantially simplify the assay. As one important step of validation we applied the modified assay for(More)
The widespread use of synthetic musk fragrances and the resultant presence of these substances and their metabolites in the aquatic environment (as well as their accumulation in human adipose tissue) raises the question of whether musk fragrances display endocrine and in particular estrogenic activity. A variety of musk fragrances were tested using the(More)
The proliferation test with human estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells (E-Screen assay) was applied for quantitative determination of total estrogenic activity in 24-h composite effluent samples from 16 municipal and two industrial sewage treatment plants (STPs) in the state of Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. The estrogenic efficacy(More)
Using an initiation-promotion system, enzyme-altered putative preneoplastic liver foci were induced in female Wistar rats by application of diethylnitrosamine (10 mg/kg/day) for 5 days, followed by bi-weekly treatment with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD; corresponding to 100 ng/kg/day) or 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (HCDD;(More)
The use of recycled paper for the manufacture of food contact materials is widespread, but very little is known about the presence of potential contaminants in the paper. The purpose of this study was to assess the worst-case migration of estrogenic active compounds using extracts of paper for household use. Twenty different brands of kitchen rolls, nine of(More)