Learn More
Until recently, a dedicated mitotic apparatus that segregates newly replicated chromosomes into daughter cells was believed to be unique to eukaryotic cells. Here we demonstrate that the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus segregates its chromosome using a partitioning (Par) apparatus that has surprising similarities to eukaryotic spindles. We show that the C.(More)
Bacterial replication origins move towards opposite ends of the cell during DNA segregation. We have identified a proline-rich polar protein, PopZ, required to anchor the separated Caulobacter crescentus chromosome origins at the cell poles, a function that is essential for maintaining chromosome organization and normal cell division. PopZ interacts(More)
We demonstrate single-molecule fluorescence imaging beyond the optical diffraction limit in 3 dimensions with a wide-field microscope that exhibits a double-helix point spread function (DH-PSF). The DH-PSF design features high and uniform Fisher information and has 2 dominant lobes in the image plane whose angular orientation rotates with the axial (z)(More)
The commonly used, monomeric EYFP enabled imaging of intracellular protein structures beyond the optical resolution limit ('super-resolution' imaging) in living cells. By combining photoinduced activation of single EYFP fusions and time-lapse imaging, we obtained sub-40 nm resolution images of the filamentous superstructure of the bacterial actin protein(More)
  • W E Moerner
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2007
Optical imaging and analysis of single molecules continue to unfold as powerful ways to study the individual behavior of biological systems, unobscured by ensemble averaging. Current expansion of interest in this field is great, as evidenced by new meetings, journal special issues, and the large number of new investigators. Selected recent advances in(More)
Efficient collection and detection of fluorescence coupled with careful minimization of background from impurities and Raman scattering now enable routine optical microscopy and study of single molecules in complex condensed matter environments. This ultimate method for unraveling ensemble averages leads to the observation of new effects and to direct(More)
Optical imaging of single biomolecules and complexes in living cells provides a useful window into cellular processes. However, the three-dimensional dynamics of most important biomolecules in living cells remains essentially uncharacterized. The precise subcellular localization of mRNA-protein complexes plays a critical role in the spatial and temporal(More)
Recently, single molecule-based superresolution fluorescence microscopy has surpassed the diffraction limit to improve resolution to the order of 20 nm or better. These methods typically use image fitting that assumes an isotropic emission pattern from the single emitters as well as control of the emitter concentration. However, anisotropic single-molecule(More)
Optical studies of individual molecules at low and room temperature can provide information about the dynamics of local environments in solids, liquids and biological systems unobscured by ensemble averaging. Here we present a study of the photophysical behaviour of single molecules of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) derived from the jellyfish Aequorea(More)
The actin cytoskeleton represents a key regulator of multiple essential cellular functions in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. In eukaryotes, these functions depend on the orchestrated dynamics of actin filament assembly and disassembly. However, the dynamics of the bacterial actin homolog MreB have yet to be examined in vivo. In this study, we observed the(More)