W. Douglas Cress

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Several lines of evidence implicate the E2F transcription factor as an important component of cell proliferation control. First, E2F binding sites are found in the promoters of genes responsive to proliferation signals and the level of E2F binding activity increases at a time when many of these genes are activated. Second, the tumour suppressor protein Rb,(More)
The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase Sir2 (silent information regulator 2) regulates gene silencing in yeast and promotes lifespan extension during caloric restriction. The mammalian homologue of Sir2 (SirT1) regulates p53, NF-κB and Forkhead transcription factors, and is implicated in stress response. This report shows that the(More)
Virion protein 16 (VP16) of herpes simplex virus type 1 contains an acidic transcriptional activation domain. Missense mutations within this domain have provided insights into the structural elements critical for its function. Net negative charge contributed to, but was not sufficient for, transcriptional activation by VP16. A putative amphipathic alpha(More)
We have previously demonstrated that ectopic expression of E2F1 is sufficient to drive quiescent cells into S phase and that E2F1 expression can contribute to oncogenic transformation. Key target genes in this process include master regulators of the cell cycle, such as cyclin E, which regulates G(1) progression, and cyclin A, which is required for the(More)
Loss of p53 function by mutation is common in cancer. However, most natural p53 mutations occur at a late stage in tumor development, and many clinically detectable cancers have reduced p53 expression but no p53 mutations. It remains to be fully determined what mechanisms disable p53 during malignant initiation and in cancers without mutations that directly(More)
The interaction between the chimeric activator GAL4-VP16, consisting of the DNA binding domain of GAL4 and the acidic activation domain of VP16, and its target in the transcriptional machinery was studied in vitro. GAL4-VP16 stimulated transcription from a promoter bearing GAL4 sites, and greatly inhibited transcription from a promoter bearing binding sites(More)
E2F1 induces apoptosis via both p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms. The direct targets in the p53-independent pathway remain enigmatic; however, the induction of this pathway does not require the transactivation domain of E2F1. Using cells that are defective in p53 activation, we show that E2F1 potently represses the expression of Mcl-1 – an(More)
Flavopiridol treatment can lead to apoptosis via a mechanism that has been associated with down-regulation of Mcl-1. Likewise, recent studies from our laboratory demonstrated that E2F1 leads to transcriptional repression of Mcl-1 and subsequently apoptosis. Given the ability of cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase 2 antagonists to kill transformed cells, we(More)
E2F1 and E2F4 are known to have opposing roles in cell cycle control. In the present work, we examine the role of both E2F1 and E2F4 in apoptosis induced by three cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (roscovitine, BMS-387032, and flavopiridol) as well as by three established chemotherapeutic drugs (VP16, cisplatin and paclitaxel). We find that E2F4 levels are(More)
Elite controllers represent a unique group of HIV-1-infected persons with undetectable HIV-1 replication in the absence of antiretroviral therapy. However, the mechanisms contributing to effective viral immune defense in these patients remain unclear. Here, we show that compared with HIV-1 progressors and HIV-1-negative persons, CD4+ T cells from elite(More)