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To ascertain the varieties of neuroborreliosis, 330 patients were identified at the Departments of Neurology in Würzburg and Giessen from 1979 to 1994. Patients who fullfilled at least one of three strict case definitions based on clinical and laboratory criteria were included in the study. Ninety-one per cent of the patients had second-stage(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) of intracranial veins and sinuses in adults is a new, emerging application of ultrasonographic imaging. This study reports a standardized examination protocol for venous TCCS and provides reference data for clinical application. METHODS In 130 healthy volunteers (mean age,(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is characterized by myotonia, weakness and extramuscular symptoms, including intellectual impairment. We performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain and muscle in 25 MD patients: 81% had cerebral atrophy (severe in 36%); 68% had focal white matter lesions, which were large and multiple in 27%. Brain MRI findings correlated(More)
OBJECTIVE The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a member of the Ig supergene family. ICAM-1 is expressed on various cells like peripheral blood lymphocytes, endothelial cells or thymic cells and the cell surface form is supposed to be shed into a soluble form. The expression of ICAM-1 is induced by cytokines like Interleukin-1, TNF alpha or(More)
Purpose of this study was to define a subgroup of TIA/stroke patients who should be examined by transthoracal and transesophageal echocardiography or Holter-electrocardiography to identify those with cardiogenic brain embolism reliably; 300 consecutive patients with acute focal brain ischemia underwent a standardized diagnostic protocol for the evaluation(More)
CT contrast enhancement of the ischemic infarction, blood-CSF barrier function for albumin, and severity of neurological symptoms were evaluated at predefined intervals in 41 patients with supratentorial ischemic infarctions. Contrast enhancement was most frequently observed in the 2nd and 3rd week after the stroke. This late CT enhancement was not related(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite ongoing improvements in noninvasive imaging techniques, transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) has so far been used only on a limited basis in patients with cerebral venous thrombosis. We evaluated the diagnostic value of both noncontrast and contrast-enhanced TCCS by comparing normal volunteers and patients with(More)
Abnormal amplification of a CTG repeat on chromosome 19 is the molecular basis of myotonic dystrophy (DM). Expansion of the repeat has been correlated with severity of several clinical features of the disease. We performed extensive cognitive testing, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a molecular analysis in 28 cases of DM to determine the(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) permits efficient visualization of white matter lesions (WML). A growing body of literature deals with the correlation of WML and cognitive dysfunction with conflicting results. We studied the influence of lesion pattern as well as size by analyzing MRI and psychometric test performance in 2 patient collectives with(More)
We investigated incidence, age distribution in relation to etiology, and localization of spontaneous intracerebral hematoma in 100 consecutive cases. Incidence in the total population of the Giessen area was estimated to be greater than 11/100,000 inhabitants/yr and increased with age. There was a trend toward higher incidence in males. Overall mortality(More)