Learn More
Purpose of this study was to define a subgroup of TIA/stroke patients who should be examined by transthoracal and transesophageal echocardiography or Holter-electrocardiography to identify those with cardiogenic brain embolism reliably; 300 consecutive patients with acute focal brain ischemia underwent a standardized diagnostic protocol for the evaluation(More)
To ascertain the varieties of neuroborreliosis, 330 patients were identified at the Departments of Neurology in Würzburg and Giessen from 1979 to 1994. Patients who fullfilled at least one of three strict case definitions based on clinical and laboratory criteria were included in the study. Ninety-one per cent of the patients had second-stage(More)
Clinical, CT and EEG findings of 100 consecutive patients suffering from epileptic seizures following hemispheric cerebral infarction were evaluated retrospectively. All patients were followed up for an average of 49 months. Twelve patients suffered from cardiogenic brain embolism, 20 had an occlusive disease of the internal cerebral artery. Forty-seven(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) permits efficient visualization of white matter lesions (WML). A growing body of literature deals with the correlation of WML and cognitive dysfunction with conflicting results. We studied the influence of lesion pattern as well as size by analyzing MRI and psychometric test performance in 2 patient collectives with(More)
Abnormal amplification of a CTG repeat on chromosome 19 is the molecular basis of myotonic dystrophy (DM). Expansion of the repeat has been correlated with severity of several clinical features of the disease. We performed extensive cognitive testing, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a molecular analysis in 28 cases of DM to determine the(More)
One hundred patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage due to aneurysm or presumed aneurysm consecutively admitted to a neurological clinic and subjected to CCT during the first 72 hours were examined retrospectively. The outcome after two months as defined by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) was relatively good: 23% of the patients suffered(More)
Results of clinical investigations and CCT of 23 patients with thalamic infarctions were evaluated retrospectively. Nineteen patients underwent a clinical and 15 a neuropsychological examination one to 5 years after their stroke. Regarding the affected vascular territory, the patients were divided into the following subgroups: paramedian infarctions(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is characterized by myotonia, weakness and extramuscular symptoms, including intellectual impairment. We performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain and muscle in 25 MD patients: 81% had cerebral atrophy (severe in 36%); 68% had focal white matter lesions, which were large and multiple in 27%. Brain MRI findings correlated(More)
OBJECTIVE The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a member of the Ig supergene family. ICAM-1 is expressed on various cells like peripheral blood lymphocytes, endothelial cells or thymic cells and the cell surface form is supposed to be shed into a soluble form. The expression of ICAM-1 is induced by cytokines like Interleukin-1, TNF alpha or(More)