W. David Wilson

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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a cognate ligand for the tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB) receptor, mediates neuronal survival, differentiation, synaptic plasticity, and neurogenesis. However, BDNF has a poor pharmacokinetic profile that limits its therapeutic potential. Here we report the identification of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone as a bioactive(More)
Furamidine (DB75) and related unfused aromatic diamidines have proven useful for the treatment of parasitic infections. These compounds were primarily developed to combat infections by Pneumocystis carinii and African trypanosomes but they are also active against other parasites. Here we have investigated the in vitro effects of DB75 and its(More)
Combining structure-specific recognition of nucleic acids with limited sequence reading is a promising method to reduce the size of the recognition unit required to achieve the necessary selectivity and binding affinity to control function. It has been demonstrated recently that G-quadruplex DNA structures can be targeted by organic cations in a(More)
Designed, synthetic heterocyclic diamidines have excellent activity against eukaryotic parasites that cause diseases such as sleeping sickness and leishmania and adversely affect millions of people each year. The most active compounds bind specifically and strongly in the DNA minor groove at AT sequences. The compounds enter parasite cells rapidly and(More)
The refractive index increments (RIIs) of several important low-molecular-weight compounds that bind to DNA or RNA were determined with a differential refractometer for correction of data obtained on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors. Although the ability to investigate small molecule-macromolecule interactions by SPR is relatively new, the(More)
The interaction of DAPI and propidium with RNA (polyA.polyU) and corresponding DNA (polydA.polydT) sequences has been compared by spectroscopic, kinetic, viscometric, Tm, and molecular modeling methods. Spectral changes of propidium are similar on binding to the AT and AU sequences but are significantly different for binding of DAPI. Spectral changes for(More)
The human telomeric sequence d[T(2)AG(3)](4) has been demonstrated to form different types of G-quadruplex structures, depending upon the incubation conditions. For example, in sodium (Na(+)), a basket-type G-quadruplex structure is formed. In this investigation, using circular dichroism (CD), biosensor-surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and a polymerase stop(More)
The interaction of G-quadruplex DNA with the macrocyclic compound BOQ1, which possesses two dibenzophenanthroline (quinacridine) subunits, has been investigated by a variety of methods. The oligonucleotide 5'-A(GGGT(2)A)(3)G(3), which mimics the human telomeric repeat sequence and forms an intramolecular quadruplex, was used as one model system. Equilibrium(More)
The telomerase enzyme is a potential therapeutic target in many human cancers. A series of potent inhibitors has been designed by computer modeling, which exploit the unique structural features of quadruplex DNA. These 3,6,9-trisubstituted acridine inhibitors are predicted to interact selectively with the human DNA quadruplex structure, as a means of(More)
Synthetic oligonucleotides and their analogs have attracted considerable interest recently. These compounds may lead to highly specific therapeutic agents, as well as to powerful diagnostic tools. Here, we present the synthesis of uniformly modified oligodeoxyribonucleotide N3'-->P5' phosphoramidates containing 3'-NHP(O)(O-)O-5' internucleoside linkages and(More)