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NHANES III measured serum TSH, total serum T(4), antithyroperoxidase (TPOAb), and antithyroglobulin (TgAb) antibodies from a sample of 17,353 people aged > or =12 yr representing the geographic and ethnic distribution of the U.S. population. These data provide a reference for other studies of these analytes in the U.S. For the 16,533 people who did not(More)
BACKGROUND A number of emergency department studies have corroborated findings from mortality and hospital admission studies regarding an association of ambient air pollution and respiratory outcomes. More refined assessment has been limited by study size and available air quality data. METHODS Measurements of 5 pollutants (particulate matter [PM10],(More)
BACKGROUND During a record-setting heat wave in Chicago in July 1995, there were at least 700 excess deaths, most of which were classified as heat-related. We sought to determine who was at greatest risk for heat-related death. METHODS We conducted a case-control study in Chicago to identify risk factors associated with heat-related death and death from(More)
Established guidelines for causal inference in epidemiological studies may be inappropriate for genetic associations. A consensus process was used to develop guidance criteria for assessing cumulative epidemiologic evidence in genetic associations. A proposed semi-quantitative index assigns three levels for the amount of evidence, extent of replication, and(More)
We examined 12,026 fungal air samples (9,619 indoor samples and 2,407 outdoor samples) from 1,717 buildings located across the United States; these samples were collected during indoor air quality investigations performed from 1996 to 1998. For all buildings, both indoor and outdoor air samples were collected with an Andersen N6 sampler. The culturable(More)
Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly aspirin, has consistently been associated with reduced risk of breast cancer in case-control studies. However, results from prospective studies have been less consistent. We examined the association between NSAID use and breast cancer incidence, adjusting for multiple breast cancer risk(More)
BACKGROUND Despite evidence supporting an association between ambient air pollutants and cardiovascular disease (CVD), the roles of the physicochemical components of particulate matter (PM) and copollutants are not fully understood. This time-series study examined the relation between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular conditions using ambient air(More)
INTRODUCTION This study describes medical conditions treated in all 47 non-VA hospitals in Cook County, IL during the 1995 heat wave. We characterize the underlying diseases of the susceptible population, with the goal of tailoring prevention efforts. METHODS Primary and secondary discharge diagnoses made during the heat wave and comparison periods were(More)
The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to examine the associations among chronic kidney disease, anemia, and risk of death among patients with heart failure. Retrospective cohort study. Patients with a principal diagnosis of heart failure (ICD9 codes 402.01, 402.11, 402.91, 404.01, 404.11, 404.91, and 428.xx) were included. Chronic kidney(More)
To validate the physical activity (PA) questionnaire in Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT 2). The questionnaire was administered twice to a random sample of 108 men aged 20–39 and validity by comparing results with VO2max and ActiReg, measuring PA and energy expenditure and with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Spearman correlation(More)