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A 2-yr study was conducted to determine the first limiting nutrient for gain in nursing calves grazing native range in southeastern North Dakota. Thirty-two calves (20 steers, 12 heifers) in Trial 1 (169 +/- 5 kg initial BW) and 31 (16 steers, 15 heifers) in Trial 2 (214 +/- 5 kg initial BW) grazed common pastures. Calves were blocked by sex and stratified(More)
Objectives of this research were to compare animal performance with or without supplementation, compare effectiveness of three intake limiters, and to examine seasonal changes in nutritive value of native range in south-central North Dakota. Treatments included 1) control (CONT; no supplement); 2) hand-fed (HF) supplement, with no chemical limiter; 3) 16%(More)
The expression of four major steroidogenic enzymes in porcine theca and granulosa cell layers of preovulatory follicles was related to the levels of steroids in follicular fluid and gonadotropin concentrations in peripheral serum at slaughter. Ovaries were collected during proestrus, early estrus, and late estrus as evidenced by behavioral signs. Follicles(More)
Multiple linear regression equations were developed for predicting the percentage of fat content of beef and pork. The predictor variables were bioelectrical resistance, temperature, and weight of product. Equations were developed for trim and product ground through a .95- or a .32-cm plate. The trim, .95-cm, and .32-cm grinds had 64, 108, and 96(More)
Bovine luteal cells from Days 4, 8, 14 and 18 of the estrous cycle were incubated for 2 h (1 x 10(5) cells/ml) in serum-free media with one or a combination of treatments [control (no hormone), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF), oxytocin (OT), estradiol-17 beta (E) or luteinizing hormone (LH)]. Luteal cell conditioned media were then assayed by RIA for(More)
Multiple linear regression equations predicting total skeletal muscle (TM) and total skeletal fat-free muscle (TFFM) of chuck, rib, loin, and round were developed from data of 33 beef cows. Primal cuts were obtained in accordance with NAMP specifications. A four-terminal impedance meter/plethysmograph measured resistance and reactance on each cut using 20-(More)
The objective of this study was to compare pituitary responsiveness to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) throughout the early postpartum period (PP) in beef cows suckling in single calf vs cows which had calves removed at birth. The experiment utilized 48 cows in a 2 X 4 factorial. Main effects studied were suckling status (suckled or nonsuckled) and(More)
The current experiment was performed to examine the acute and cumulative effects of chronic manual teat stimulation on the tonic pattern of luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in beef cows. Additionally, we characterized the plasma profile of prolactin and cortisol release to evaluate whether changes in the concentrations of these hormones occurred in(More)
Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and symmetric differences squared (SDS) methods were used to estimate additive genetic and environmental variances and covariances associated with weaning weight. The two methods were applied to 503 beef records collected over 19 yr from a relatively unselected university Angus herd. The SDS methodology was used with four(More)
Three experiments utilizing 1,104 broiler cockerels were conducted to establish optimum dietary conditions for the determination of phosphorus (P) bioavailability. The reference P source was KH2PO4. A response-surface design and purified diets containing casein as the protein source were utilized in Exp. 1 Various levels of calcium (Ca) and P supported(More)