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Multiple linear regression equations were developed for predicting the percentage of fat content of beef and pork. The predictor variables were bioelectrical resistance, temperature, and weight of product. Equations were developed for trim and product ground through a .95- or a .32-cm plate. The trim, .95-cm, and .32-cm grinds had 64, 108, and 96(More)
Multiple linear regression equations predicting total skeletal muscle (TM) and total skeletal fat-free muscle (TFFM) of chuck, rib, loin, and round were developed from data of 33 beef cows. Primal cuts were obtained in accordance with NAMP specifications. A four-terminal impedance meter/plethysmograph measured resistance and reactance on each cut using 20-(More)
A 2-yr study was conducted to determine the first limiting nutrient for gain in nursing calves grazing native range in southeastern North Dakota. Thirty-two calves (20 steers, 12 heifers) in Trial 1 (169 +/- 5 kg initial BW) and 31 (16 steers, 15 heifers) in Trial 2 (214 +/- 5 kg initial BW) grazed common pastures. Calves were blocked by sex and stratified(More)
Objectives of this research were to compare animal performance with or without supplementation, compare effectiveness of three intake limiters, and to examine seasonal changes in nutritive value of native range in south-central North Dakota. Treatments included 1) control (CONT; no supplement); 2) hand-fed (HF) supplement, with no chemical limiter; 3) 16%(More)
The expression of four major steroidogenic enzymes in porcine theca and granulosa cell layers of preovulatory follicles was related to the levels of steroids in follicular fluid and gonadotropin concentrations in peripheral serum at slaughter. Ovaries were collected during proestrus, early estrus, and late estrus as evidenced by behavioral signs. Follicles(More)
Growth, feed efficiency, and carcass characteristics of 70 crossbred steers fed one of four diets were compared. The four diets differed in source of protein supplementation: 100% soybean meal (SB), 67% SB and 33% crambe meal (CM), 33% SB and 67% CM, and 100% CM. All supplements were fed in isonitrogenous amounts. Steers were fed backgrounding diets (12.9%(More)
Effects of luteal-conditioned media (LCM) on proliferation and migration of endothelial cells were used to assess angiogenic activity of corpora lutea (CL) obtained from cows on d 100 (n = 5), 150 (n = 6), 200 (n = 6), and 250 (n = 6) of gestation. Explants of CL (200 mg) were incubated for 6 h in 3 mL of serum-free media containing no hormone, LH (1(More)
Bovine luteal cells from Days 4, 8, 14 and 18 of the estrous cycle were incubated for 2 h (1 x 10(5) cells/ml) in serum-free media with one or a combination of treatments [control (no hormone), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF), oxytocin (OT), estradiol-17 beta (E) or luteinizing hormone (LH)]. Luteal cell conditioned media were then assayed by RIA for(More)
Multiple linear regression equations predicting total skeletal muscle (TM) and total skeletal fat-free muscle (TFFM) weight were developed from data of 33 beef cows. Animals varied in weight (385 to 749 kg), age (3 to 10 yr), and fatness (.13 to 2.54 cm). A four-terminal impedance meter/plethysmograph measured resistance and reactance on the live animals,(More)