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Cyclic nucleotides are second messengers that are essential in vision, muscle contraction, neurotransmission, exocytosis, cell growth, and differentiation. These molecules are degraded by a family of enzymes known as phosphodiesterases, which serve a critical function by regulating the intracellular concentration of cyclic nucleotides. We have determined(More)
This article describes the transient expression of the CXC chemokine receptor-4 in Xenopus laevis melanophores and the resulting functional assay for the endogenous ligand for this receptor stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha. Specifically, it will be shown that SDF-1alpha produces increased light transmittance in transfected cells that is consistent(More)
Most traditional cytotoxic anticancer agents ablate the rapidly dividing epithelium of the hair follicle and induce alopecia (hair loss). Inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), a positive regulator of eukaryotic cell cycle progression, may represent a therapeutic strategy for prevention of chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) by arresting the cell(More)
Two human homologues of protein kinase C-epsilon (E1 and E2) were isolated from two distinct cDNA libraries. Sequence comparisons to PKC-epsilon cDNAs from several species indicated that each of these human epsilon clones contained cloning artifacts. Thus, a composite PKC-epsilon (E3) clone was derived from clones E1 and E2. Human PKC-epsilon (E3) has an(More)
Stromal-cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1alpha) is an 8-kDa chemokine that is constitutively expressed in bone-marrow-derived stromal cells and has been identified as a ligand for the CXCR4 receptor. We produced the chemokine recombinantly as methionine-SDF-1alpha in Escherichia coli without the leader peptide sequence. The protein was denatured, refolded, and(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis, the formation of new vessels from the existing vasculature, is a critical process during early development as well as in a number of disease processes. Tie2 (also known as Tek) is an endothelium-specific receptor tyrosine kinase involved in both angiogenesis and vasculature maintenance. RESULTS We have determined the crystal(More)
A cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase, HSPDE4B2B, was found to be phosphorylated when expressed in Sf9 cells or yeast. Deletion of amino acids 81-151 and 529-564 had no effect on the phosphorylation of HSPDE4B2B. Mass spectrometric analysis of purified HSPDE4B2B(1-564). HSPDE4B2B(81-564) and HSPDE4B2B(152-528) showed that phosphorylation occurred predominantly(More)
Two cDNA clones coding for the human protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta) were fortuitously isolated during the process of screening a human library for a cDNA clone of an unrelated protein, the nucleolar protein fibrillarin. The two human homologues have about 88% nucleotide sequence identity to the rat and mouse PKC-delta cDNA clones. A comparison of the(More)
4-Anilinoquinazolines represent an important class of protein kinase inhibitor. Modes of binding for two members of this inhibitor class were determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis of one inhibitor (4-[3-hydroxyanilino]-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline) in complex with cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) and the other(More)
Two closely related classes of oxindole-based compounds, 1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-phenylhydrazones and 3-(anilinomethylene)-1,3-dihydro-2H-indol-2-ones, were shown to potently inhibit cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2). The initial lead compound was prepared as a homologue of the 3-benzylidene-1,3-dihydro-2H-indol-2-one class of kinase inhibitor.(More)