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The present study used recordings of visual potentials evoked by pattern reversal (VEPs) to investigate the central effects of three drugs used in migraine prophylaxis: the calcium channel blocker nifedipine, the beta-1-selective blocker metoprolol, and the nonselective beta adrenoreceptor blocker propranolol. The study involved 58 patients with common or(More)
The contingent negative variation (CNV) amplitudes of 16 subjects with migraine without aura were studied during pain-free intervals and during attacks and the results were compared with those of 22 healthy subjects. In 32 trials the CNV amplitudes were calculated for (a) "total interval", (b) "early CNV component", (c) "late CNV component", and (d)(More)
The acoustically evoked cortical potentials of 20 migraine patients were investigated using a combined conditioning-testing and oddball paradigm. The short- and long-term habituation results of the P50 and P300 waves were compared with 16 healthy subjects. Migraineurs were characterized by a sensory gating deficit of the P50 wave (reduced short-term(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the habituation kinetics of contingent negative variation (CNV) between 12 migraineurs without aura and matched healthy controls. CNV was studied with a 3 sec interval between the warning stimulus (WS) and the imperative stimulus (IS). The data from (a) the total interval (WS-IS), (b) early component, and (c) late(More)
Reliability parameters of a test indicate the stability (and quality) of the test itself. Reliability coefficients greater than 0.70 suggest an attribute as being sufficiently stable over time to be characterized as a trait. Reliability parameters of contingent negative variation (CNV) amplitudes in 27 healthy individuals were determined using a test-retest(More)
Amplitude and habituation of event-related potentials are abnormal in migraine. We investigated 43 migraine and 41 healthy families to evaluate the influences of age, sex and familial contribution on the variance of amplitude and habituation of the contingent negative variation (CNV). Analysis of individual differences in relation to the CNV habituation was(More)
Amplitudes of contingent negative variation (CNV) as a slow cortical potential in migraine patients were recorded before and after migraine attacks. The level of CNV amplitudes, especially of the early component, showed a trend in rise of negativity 1 day before the attack, whereas amplitudes were normal for 2-3 days following an attack. In most cases the(More)
Exercise is assumed to have a positive effect on migraine. However, none of the few studies on this topic can prove the expected positive influence of exercise. Therefore, the aim of this pilot study was to develop a training program suitable for migraine patients and to examine its effect on migraine. 16 patients were examined. 8 migraine patients(More)
In this paper we address the role of specific abnormal behavioral patterns (such as perfectionism or hypersensitivity) which have been described as psychological characteristics in migraine patients. We propose that behavioral abnormalities may be the result of a determined cortical hypersensitivity and an associated social learning process. New(More)