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BACKGROUND The prognostic significance of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 in women with breast cancer remains unclear. A combined analysis was performed to address this uncertainty. METHODS Two retrospective cohorts of Ashkenazi Jewish women undergoing breast-conserving treatment for invasive cancer between 1980 and 1995 (n = 584) were established.(More)
BACKGROUND Basal-like breast cancer has been extensively characterized on the basis of gene expression profiles, but it is becoming increasingly common for these tumors to be defined on the basis of immunohistochemical (IHC) staining patterns, particularly in retrospective studies where material for expression profiling may not be available. The IHC pattern(More)
Several groups have studied the molecular pathology of inherited breast cancer. By combining several such studies, we show in this study that somatic TP53 abnormalities are more common in breast cancer associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 germ-line mutations than in sporadic breast cancers (odds ratio, 2.8; P = 0.0003). Then, we compared the spectrum of TP53(More)
PURPOSE BRCA1-related breast cancers are more frequently estrogen receptor (ER) negative than are either BRCA2-related or nonhereditary breast cancers. The relationship between ER status and other clinical features of hereditary breast cancers has not been well studied. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN ER status, grade, and histological tumor type were evaluated in(More)
Several studies using families with multiple occurrences of breast cancer have provided evidence for a very high lifetime penetrance in carriers of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. However, there are reasons to suspect that the estimates of penetrance from studies of cancer families may be inflated. Access to the genotypes of incident cases of breast cancer in(More)
A prospective study of 149 unselected incident cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 146 ethnically-matched controls found no associations between GSTM1 (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.14), GSTT1 (AOR: 1.19) and CYP1A1 (AOR: 1.08) polymorphisms and pancreatic cancer susceptibility. Smoking and drinking status did not affect results. These polymorphisms do not(More)
PURPOSE Triple-negative (TN; estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER-2 negative) cancer and basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) are associated with poor outcome and lack the benefit of targeted therapy. It is widely perceived that BLBC and TN tumors are synonymous and BLBC can be defined using a TN definition without the need for the expression of(More)
Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes may indicate an immune response to cancer development, but their significance remains controversial in breast cancer. We conducted this study to assess CD8+ (cytotoxic T) lymphocyte infiltration in a large cohort of invasive early stage breast cancers, and to evaluate its prognostic effect in different breast cancer intrinsic(More)
The gene for tumor necrosis factor, TNF, was expressed in 45 out of 63 biopsies of human epithelial ovarian cancer. In serous tumors, there was a positive correlation between level of TNF expression and tumor grade. TNF mRNA was found in epithelial tumor cells and infiltrating macrophages, whereas TNF protein localized primarily to a subpopulation of(More)
Germline mutations in the LKB1 (STK11) gene (chromosome sub-band 19p13.3) cause characteristic hamartomas and pigmentation to develop in patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome carries an overall risk of cancer that may be up to 20 times that of the general population and Peutz-Jeghers patients are at increased risk of benign and(More)