W. D. Ehmann

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Copper (Cu), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) levels in five different brain regions (amygdala, hippocampus, inferior parietal lobule, superior and middle temporal gyri, and cerebellum) were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) in samples from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and age-matched control subjects. A significant decrease in Cu,(More)
We determined levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), a measure of lipid peroxidation, and the activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione reductase (GSSG-R), and catalase (CAT) in the amygdala, hippocampus, pyriform cortex, superior and middle temporal gyri, inferior(More)
Instrumental neutron activation analysis has been used to determine the concentrations of 16 elements in selected brain regions and separated gray- and white-matter specimens from histologically verified Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-matched control patients. Significantly different (p less than 0.05) mean concentrations of Br, Cl, Cs, Hg, N, Na, P, and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain trace-element imbalances in the amygdala, hippocampus and nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) are found in most cases to be consistent with those previously reported in samples derived principally from AD cerebral cortex (Ehmann et al., 1986). The elevation of mercury in AD nbM, as compared to age-matched controls, is the largest(More)
4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), an aldehyde by-product of the peroxidation of fatty acids, has been shown to have toxic properties for neurons in culture. In light of increasing evidence that oxidative stress contributes to the neurodegenerative process in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we quantified levels of free and protein-bound 4-HNE in the ventricular fluid from(More)
BACKGROUND Mercury, or Hg, is a neurotoxin that has been speculated to play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, or AD. Dental amalgam releases low levels of Hg vapor and is a potential source of Hg for a large segment of the adult population. METHODS The authors studied 68 subjects with AD and 33 control subjects without AD to determine Hg(More)
Trace element concentrations were determined in various human brain regions over the complete life span using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Several different patterns of trace element alteration were observed with age. Brain Al, Cl and Na concentrations increase with advancing age, while K, P and Rb decline. Ag, Co, Fe, Sb and Sc concentrations(More)
Manganese levels have been measured in various brain regions in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and aging using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Mn grand mean for all regions was 0.261 micrograms/g for adult controls and 0.245 micrograms/g for AD and the differences were not statistically significant (p less than 0.05). Highest Mn levels were found in the(More)
Levels of mercury (Hg), selenium (Se), iron (Fe), rubidium (Rb), and zinc (Zn) were measured in the pituitary gland to assess the possibility of a potential difference in the environmental Hg exposure of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and control subjects and levels of other elements of interest in AD. The pituitary gland has been established as a good(More)
Four elements that have been implicated in free-radical-induced oxidative stress in Alzheimer's disease (AD) were measured by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) in seven brain regions from 58 AD patients and 21 control subjects. A statistically significant elevation of iron and zinc was observed in multiple regions of AD brain, compared with(More)