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OBJECTIVE We sought to compare outcomes with tissue and St Jude Medical mechanical valves over a 20-year period. METHODS Valve-related events and overall survival were analyzed in 2533 patients 18 years of age or older undergoing initial aortic, mitral, or combined aortic and mitral (double) valve replacement with a tissue valve (Hancock,(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the incidence of self-reported neurologic hand complications after radial artery harvest for coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS Between February 20, 1996, and December 31, 1999, 615 patients underwent coronary bypass operations with radial arteries. A scripted telephone interview was performed, collecting data on(More)
BACKGROUND Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been assuming an expanded role in the management of cardiothoracic disease. As instrumentation and experience increase, VATS is being applied to treat smaller patients. We report our experience with 34 low birth weight infants undergoing VATS interruption of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS(More)
The effects of cardiomyoplasty were evaluated with multiple-gated equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography and catheterization in a canine model of chronic heart failure. Doxorubicin was administered to 12 dogs at a dose of 1 mg/kg/wk intravenously for 10 weeks. Left ventricular ejection fraction was reduced from a mean of 53.6% +/- 3.4% to 33.5% +/- 2.3%(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine whether significant regression of left ventricular hypertrophy is seen after implantation of small sizes (19 to 23 mm) of the Carpentier-Edwards (CE) pericardial valve, a stented pericardial valve. METHODS Echocardiograms and electrocardiograms (ECGs) were performed at least 1 year after surgery (mean(More)
BACKGROUND The availability of 20 years of follow-up data on the Hancock porcine valve (Medtronic Inc, Irvine, CA) allows determination of long-term actual and actuarial failure rates in the elderly. METHODS We analyzed outcomes after mitral or aortic valve replacement with the Hancock porcine valve in 491 consecutive patients, comparing actual and(More)
Dynamic cardiomyoplasty, the use of skeletal muscle to assist the heart, is a new therapy for the treatment of heart failure. However, the effects of cardiomyoplasty on biventricular function and the synchrony of ventricular contraction are not fully known. We assessed the efficacy of latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) dynamic cardiomyoplasty in a chronic model(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) can lead to the development of dilated cardiomyopathy and sudden cardiac death. Renal artery sympathetic denervation (RDN) may protect the heart from remodeling. This study aimed to investigate the effect of frequent VPCs on structural and electrical properties and whether RDN can protect the heart(More)
This study describes the first reported case of a combined heart-lung-kidney transplantation. Our patient suffered from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy due to long-standing hypertension with Dana Point Classification Group 2 pulmonary hypertension from the underlying cardiac disease, along with renal failure necessitating renal replacement therapy. Twenty(More)
Cardiomyoplasty, a new therapy for heart failure, uses autologous skeletal muscle to mechanically assist the heart. The success of dynamic cardiomyoplasty is critically dependent on the contraction strength of the assisting skeletal muscle. Unlike cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle contracts in a graded response to electrical stimulation. However, in current(More)
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