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During the past two decades, studies describing the chemistry and biology of PAF have been extensive. This potent phosphoacylglycerol exhibits a wide variety of physiological and pathophysiological effects in various cells and tissues. PAF acts, through specific receptors and a variety of signal transduction systems, to elicit diverse biochemical responses.(More)
Role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) as a potential mediator of hepatic pathophysiology was investigated using a rat model of obstructive jaundice. Over a 1-wk course of bile duct ligation, a sixfold increase in tissue levels of PAF (1.57 +/- 0.43 ng/g vs. control 0.24 +/- 0.08 ng/g) occurred in the liver, whereas no change was observed in PAF levels in(More)
The lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, AGEPC) has been shown to elicit several important biochemical signaling responses in mammalian cells, including polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis, arachidonic acid release/eicosanoid production, and protein tyrosine phosphorylation. In the present study, the roles(More)
Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a potent protein kinase C activator, caused down-regulation of receptors for platelet-activating factor (AGEPC) on the plasma membrane of rat Kupffer cells (40-50% reduction) but had a relatively minor effect on the binding affinity of the receptors for AGEPC (Kd = 0.30 nM vs 0.56 nM) when incubated with the cells for(More)
Ligand binding studies demonstrated that isolated rat Kupffer cells possess high affinity binding sites for platelet-activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, AGEPC). AGEPC binding reached saturation within 10 min at 25 degrees C and was reversible. A Scatchard analysis revealed a single class of AGEPC receptors numbering about(More)
The metabolism of platelet-activating factor (PAF; identified as AGEPC: 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) and lyso-PAF (lyso-GEPC: 1-O-alkyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) was investigated in cultured rat Kupffer cells. The rat Kupffer cells accumulated [3H]AGEPC and deacetylated this compound to the corresponding [3H]lyso-GEPC, which was(More)
The regulation of PAF synthesis by the macrophage cell line IC-21 challenged with bacterial endotoxin was investigated. The LPS-induced increase in cellular PAF levels was rapid, sustained and attained maximal levels within 30 min following LPS stimulation. PAF accumulation was accompanied by the activation of the CoA-independent transacylase and(More)
Our earlier results indicate that peritoneal B cells (PEB cells) were not hyporesponsive to in vitro crosslinking of the immunoglobulin (Ig) with a secondary anti-IgG reagent. In this study, the response of PEB cells was reduced by the same treatment given i.p. PEB cells were only sensitive to anti-IgM hyper-crosslinking in the presence of peritoneal(More)
Ligand binding studies indicate that 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (AGEPC) down-regulates its own receptors on the plasma membrane of isolated rat Kupffer cells but has no significant effect on the binding affinity of the receptor for AGEPC. Exposure of isolated rat Kupffer cells to 10(-8) and 10(-6) M AGEPC resulted in a rapid,(More)
The role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) as a mediator of pancreatic inflammation was examined in the rat pancreatic duct ligation model of obstructive pancreatitis. Pancreatic generation of PAF, as measured by bioassay (ie, platelet [3H]serotonin secretion), was determined at various times after induction of inflammation. Tissue levels of PAF in the(More)