Learn More
Over 11 million Americans have both diabetes and hypertension-comorbid diseases that strongly predispose people to both renal as well as cardiovascular (CV) injury. Hypertension substantially contributes to CV morbidity and mortality in people with diabetes. Diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in the United States. Furthermore,(More)
OBJECTIVE The Old Order Amish (OOA) are a genetically well-defined closed Caucasian founder population. The Amish Family Diabetes Study was initiated to identify susceptibility genes for type 2 diabetes. This article describes the genetic epidemiology of type 2 diabetes and related traits in this unique population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) are transcription factors that regulate adipocyte differentiation and gene expression. We tested the hypothesis that the Pro12Ala variant of PPAR-gamma2 is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes-related traits in 921 subjects from the San Antonio Family Heart Study. Subjects with at least one Ala(More)
BACKGROUND The Pro12Ala polymorphism of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) has been associated with decreased risk of diabetes and obesity, both disorders linked to cognitive impairment. We tested whether this polymorphism is associated with cognition. METHODS Two thousand nine hundred sixty-one participants (mean age, 74.1; 41%(More)
To identify the genetic determinants of typical obesity, we performed a genome-wide scan of obesity-related traits using data from the Amish. Multipoint linkage analysis was performed using a variance components procedure on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, percentage of body fat, and serum leptin concentrations. All 672 individuals were(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have reported modest associations between measures of obesity and the Trp64-Arg variant of the beta3-adrenergic receptor (ADRbeta3) and the Pro12Ala variant of the peronisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma2. We hypothesized that these single gene variants may mark mutations that act through convergent pathways to(More)
Hyperinsulinemia predicts the development of type 2 diabetes, and family studies suggest that insulin levels are regulated in part by genes. We conducted a genome-wide scan to detect genes influencing variation in fasting serum insulin concentrations in 391 nondiabetic individuals from 10 large multigenerational families. Approximately 380 microsatellite(More)
Although a familial contribution to human longevity is recognized, the nature of this contribution is largely unknown. We have examined the familial contribution to life span in the Old Order Amish (OOA) population of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Analyses were conducted on 1,655 individuals, representing all those born prior to 1890 and appearing in the(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, renal insufficiency, and peripheral vascular disease. Although the genetic contribution to variation in blood pressure is well recognized, the specific genes involved are mostly unknown. We carried out a genome-wide scan to identify loci influencing(More)
Replication of linkage signals from independent samples is considered an important step toward verifying the significance of linkage signals in studies of complex traits. The purpose of this empirical investigation was to examine the variability in the precision of localizing a quantitative trait locus (QTL) by analyzing multiple replicates of a simulated(More)