Learn More
Activated monocytes release a number of substances, including inflammatory cytokines and eicosanoids, that are highly toxic to cells of the central nervous system. Because monocytic infiltration of the central nervous system closely correlates with HIV-1-associated dementia, it has been suggested that monocyte-derived toxins mediate nervous system damage.(More)
The authors review the cases of 60 children (aged 5 months to 18 years) with thalamic tumors who were seen at The Hospital for Sick Children between 1951 and 1983. The diagnosis of thalamic tumor was based on neuroradiological studies; 33 children were first seen in the pre-computerized tomography (CT) era and 27 since the advent of CT scanning.(More)
Embryonal neoplasms of the central nervous system (CNS) generally arise in the early years of life and behave in a clinically aggressive manner, but vary somewhat in their microscopic appearance. Several groups have reported examples of an embryonal tumor with combined histologic features of ependymoblastoma and neuroblastoma, a lesion referred to as(More)
Amplification of the C19MC oncogenic miRNA cluster and high LIN28 expression has been linked to a distinctly aggressive group of cerebral CNS-PNETs (group 1 CNS-PNETs) arising in young children. In this study, we sought to evaluate the diagnostic specificity of C19MC and LIN28, and the clinical and biological spectra of C19MC amplified and/or LIN28+(More)
BACKGROUND Dural sinus malformation (DSM) is a term used to describe congenital vascular malformations characterized by massive dilation of one or more dural sinuses: these dilatations are typically associated with arteriovenous shunts. Such malformations can present antenatally but their early natural history and anatomy is poorly defined. METHODS We(More)
OBJECT The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a target in surgery for Parkinson disease, but its location according to brain atlases compared with its position on an individual patient's magnetic resonance (MR) images is incompletely understood. In this study both the size and location of the STN based on MR images were compared with those on the Talairach and(More)
  • W Halliday
  • 1995
The development of magnetic resonance imaging has increased the number of clinical and pathological reports of Hallervorden-Spatz disease and Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome. The case-to-case variability is considerable. However, if gene loci and basic pathogenetic mechanisms are to be appreciated, it is imperative that like cases be compared and studied. The(More)
Sixty-four samples from six grade 4 astrocytomas were investigated ex vivo by 1H MRS at 360 MHz and subsequently by histopathology to obtain percentages of viable and necrotic tumour and grey and white matter. MR-visible lipids were detected in 87% of tumour samples. Necrotic foci were < 3 x 3 x 6 mm3. The means of the intensities/unit weight tissue of the(More)
BACKGROUND The cortical changes resulting from chronic hydrocephalus in adults are not well defined. METHODS Retrospective analysis of twenty-one patients (age 64-88 years) with a clinical diagnosis of "normal pressure hydrocephalus" who underwent cortical biopsy at the time of intracranial pressure monitoring or shunt insertion, and eight patients who(More)