Learn More
BACKGROUND The cortical changes resulting from chronic hydrocephalus in adults are not well defined. METHODS Retrospective analysis of twenty-one patients (age 64-88 years) with a clinical diagnosis of "normal pressure hydrocephalus" who underwent cortical biopsy at the time of intracranial pressure monitoring or shunt insertion, and eight patients who(More)
Capillary hemangiomas are rare benign vascular tumors that tend to occur in children. Whereas the majority of hemangiomas may regress spontaneously, those associated with functional sequelae or severe symptoms may require treatment. Two patients with capillary hemangiomas of the cavernous sinus that caused neurological symptoms were treated with(More)
Artificial neural network classification methods were applied to infrared spectra of histopathologically confirmed Alzheimer's diseased and control brain tissue. Principal component analysis was used as a preprocessing technique for some of these artificial neural networks while others were trained using the original spectra. The leave-one-out method was(More)
PURPOSE To compare the MR findings of eight cases with clinical diagnosis of Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) with the pathologic findings of two other cases of HSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS The eight imaged cases were studied with 0.5-T (seven cases) and/or 1.5-T (five cases) units. Six patients also had CT scans. The two other cases with proven HSD had(More)
The authors review the cases of 60 children (aged 5 months to 18 years) with thalamic tumors who were seen at The Hospital for Sick Children between 1951 and 1983. The diagnosis of thalamic tumor was based on neuroradiological studies; 33 children were first seen in the pre-computerized tomography (CT) era and 27 since the advent of CT scanning.(More)
Focal and segmental, but not generalized, myoclonus have been described with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We describe three patients with generalized myoclonus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) dementia complex. In each, myoclonus persisted until death, invariably after a course of a few months. In two patients, myoclonus was(More)
Although the occurrence of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) in patients on dialysis is frequently alluded to, review of the literature reveals only 3 described cases. We describe 5 patients on dialysis who developed WE in the absence of alcoholism or other predisposing factors. The clinical diagnoses included uremic encephalopathy (2 patients), dysequilibrium(More)
The pituitary glands were removed from 63 human fetuses from 5 weeks of gestation to term and studied by electron microscopy and ultrastructural immunocytochemistry to document the development of cell differentiation and hormone production in the adenohypophysis. At 5 weeks of gestation, Rathke's cleft was lined by columnar epithelium with abundant(More)
The clinical course, neuroimaging, neuropathological features, and management of a 7-year-old girl with acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis are reported. Treatment with subtotal bifrontal craniectomies for symptoms of imminent uncal herniation followed by high-dose corticosteroid therapy was associated with dramatic clinical recovery. This report highlights(More)