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This paper addresses the question of a general topological principle of thalamo-cortical projections. In the lissencephalic primate brain of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), large injections of horseradish peroxidase were made in various parts of the neocortex. These injections were placed in different animals and hemispheres along various(More)
The distribution of mRNA expression for three types of voltage gated neuronal sodium-channels was studied in the rat brain at different developmental stages (embryonal day E18, postnatal day P5 and adult). With the in-situ hybridization technique, using synthetic DNA-oligomer probes, pronounced regional and temporal variations in the expression levels of(More)
We examined the dynamics of removal from circulation, tissue distribution, and persistence of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (S-ODN) anti-tumor-necrosis-factor and a control of random sequence (randomer) in mice. After intravenous injection, the majority (96%) of S-ODN cleared rapidly from the circulation in the first two phases. In the first phase,(More)
Light-induced phase shifts of circadian rhythmic locomotor activity are associated with the expression of c-Jun, JunB, c-Fos and FosB transcription factors in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus, as shown in the present study. In order to explore the importance of c-Fos and JunB, the predominantly expressed AP-1 proteins for the phase-shifting effects of light,(More)
1. To investigate the role of the Jun transcription factors in neuronal differentiation, programmed neuronal cell death, and neuronal plasticity, we used phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (S-ODN) to inhibit selectively the expression of c-Jun, JunB, and JunD. 2. We have shown previously that in contrast to c-Jun, the JunB and JunD transcription factors(More)
Synapsin I is a synaptic phosphoprotein that is involved in the short-term regulation of neurotransmitter release. In this report we present the first extensive study of the developmental expression of its corresponding messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) by in situ hybridization and northern blot analysis in rat brain. Synapsin I mRNA showed pronounced(More)
Changes in the distribution pattern of mRNA encoding the zif268 transcription factor (also referred to as NGFI-A, Krox-24 or EGR-1) were investigated by in situ hybridization histochemistry during postnatal rat brain development. Marked changes in zif268 expression patterns were seen in particular in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampal formation during(More)
The localization of PKC gamma mRNA expression during the maturation of rat cerebellum has been studied by in situ hybridization. We found a transient expression over the granule cell layer and persistent high expression in the Purkinje cells during postnatal development. Expression in granule cells appeared as early as postnatal day 5 over the external(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) is a potent paracrine-acting mitogen in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) lesions. Interferon-alpha is widely used for clinical treatment of KS. Here we show that platelet-derived growth factor-B activates proliferation and migration of cultivated AIDS-KS spindle cells whereas interferon-alpha acts as an inhibitor. At the(More)
A considerable reduction of up to 75% at the protein level of the erbB2 gene product was observed using phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotides directed against specific sequences of the erbB2 mRNA. Antisense oligonucleotides used were the 14-mer (translation start region) and the 17-mer (3' translated region) all-phosphorothioate oligonucleotides(More)