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Knowledge-elicitation is a common technique used to produce rules about the operation of a plant from the knowledge that is available from human expertise. Similarly, data-mining is becoming a popular technique to extract rules from the data available from the operation of a plant. In the work reported here knowledge was required to enable the supervisory(More)
Inflection class features that assign noun stems to declensional classes are peculiar objects. On the one hand, nominal inflection class features seem to be indispensable in analyses of noun inflection systems in various IndoEuropean languages (like Spanish, Greek, and Russian). On the other hand, nominal inflection class features differ from other,(More)
In (1a), an infinitival wh-clause is embedded under an existential verb; in (1b), a subjunctive wh-clause is the complement of a possessive.1 The common meaning of the matrix predicates is the assertion of existence; this meaning is typically expressed by either be or have. Predicates that assert true possession, e.g. owe, are prohibited; similarly(More)
This paper describes the design, implementation and testing of an intelligent knowledgebased supervisory control (IKBSC) system for a hot rolling mill process. A novel architecture is used to integrate an expert system with an existing supervisory control system and a new optimization methodology for scheduling the soaking pits in which the material is(More)
Free relatives, also known as headless relatives , get their name from the fact that they do not appear accompanying and modifying a noun phrase. In contrast, ‘ordinary’ relative clauses (both restrictive and appositive) are NP modifiers. As an illustration, consider the Polish sentences in (1). In (1a) the relative clause is headed, that is, it modifies(More)
This paper presents the artificial neural network (ANN) models used in (Ozen et al) to estimate the heating and rolling times in an aluminium process. (Ozen et al) identifies scheduling of the soaking pits/rolling mill process at an aluminium plant as an NP-Hard two-stage flow-shop problem and presents an algorithm (SPO) to synthesise a schedule that aims(More)
Historical accounts of the phenomenon of cliticization have previously documented only the loss of second-position clitics. This paper argues that the history of Bulgarian offers evidence for the rise of a second-position clitic system. It is demonstrated that the second-position clitics of Old Bulgarian were not directly inherited from IndoEuropean, but(More)
The metals industry and plant equipment suppliers are constantly striving to obtain a competitive edge. Level I dynamic control products from British industry are world-class, but it is recognised that the level II supervisory control systems can be improved. This project seeks to achieve this by adopting new intelligent technologies to utilise plant(More)
At Vidaråsen in Norway sewage from a community consisting of 160 people, including a dairy, a food processing workshop, a bakery and a laundry is treated using a pond/reed bed system. The system consists of sludge settlement, pre-treatment surface/vertical-flow constructed wetlands, a 5 m deep enhanced facultative pond, three stabilization ponds, a planted(More)
Processing of Aluminium Plate through a four high, reversing mill, requires complex supervisory control in order to obtain quality product. Alcoa, Europe, Flat Rolled Products, currently employ a state-of-the-art model-based, adaptation system (HMAS), supplied by VAI. It was considered that useful knowledge contained within routinely collected plant data(More)
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