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Cisplatin is a widely used and highly effective cancer chemotherapeutic agent. One of the limiting side effects of cisplatin use is nephrotoxicity. Research over the past 10 years has uncovered many of the cellular mechanisms which underlie cisplatin-induced renal cell death. It has also become apparent that inflammation provoked by injury to renal(More)
The molecular mechanisms of acute kidney injury (AKI) remain unclear. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), widely expressed on leukocytes and kidney epithelial cells, regulate innate and adaptive immune responses. The present study examined the role of TLR signaling in cisplatin-induced AKI. Cisplatin-treated wild-type mice had significantly more renal dysfunction,(More)
Extracellular ATP affects a wide variety of cells via purinergic membrane receptors. One class of purinergic receptors, P2X, consists of ATP-gated, calcium-permeable, cation-selective channels. We performed whole cell patch-clamp studies, intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) measurements, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)(More)
Ion channels in endosomal membranes from rabbit kidney cortex were studied after reconstitution into planar lipid bilayers. The most frequently observed ion channel was anion selective (PCl/PK = 13) and had a single-channel conductance of 116 pS when the cis and trans solutions contained 410 and 150 mM KCl, respectively, and a conductance of 90 pS in(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has been increasing over time and is associated with a high risk of short-term death. Previous studies on hospital-acquired AKI have important methodological limitations, especially their retrospective study designs and limited ability to control for potential confounding factors. METHODS The(More)
The experiments reported herein compared Cl- channels fused into bilayers from rabbit outer medullary vesicles with Cl- channels in excised patches of basolateral membranes from cultured mouse medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) cells and evaluated whether the latter were plausible candidates for the Cl- channels mediating net NaCl absorption in(More)
Monocyte/macrophage recruitment correlates strongly with the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is produced by monocytes/macrophages but the direct role of TNF-α and/or macrophage-derived TNF-α in the progression of diabetic nephropathy remains unclear. Here we tested whether inhibition of TNF-α confers kidney protection in(More)
Inflammation is a common feature of murine models of AKI. The endogenous mechanisms which serve to limit inflammation and reduce the severity of AKI are poorly understood. Zhou et al identify progranulin as one such protective mediator. Deficiency of progranulin was associated with increased inflammation and increased injury in both ischemic and nephrotoxic(More)
Cl- channels from basolateral membranes of the mammalian thick ascending limb of Henle differ significantly, in certain of their functional characteristics, from Cl- channels in apical membranes of secretory epithelia such as trachea or small intestine and from certain Cl- channels in the central nervous system. Yet there is no sequence information(More)
The present studies examined some of the properties of Cl- channels in renal outer medullary membrane vesicles incorporated into planar lipid bilayers. The predominant channel was anion selective having a PCl/PK ratio of 10 and a unit conductance of 93 pS in symmetric 320 mM KCl. In asymmetric KCl solutions, the I-V relations conformed to the(More)