W. Brian Reeves

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The purpose of these studies was to examine the role of cytokines in the pathogenesis of cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Injection of mice with cisplatin (20 mg/kg) led to severe renal failure. The expression of cytokines, chemokines, and ICAM-1 in kidney was measured by ribonuclease protection assays and RT-PCR. We found significant upregulation of TNF-alpha,(More)
Cisplatin is a widely used and highly effective cancer chemotherapeutic agent. One of the limiting side effects of cisplatin use is nephrotoxicity. Research over the past 10 years has uncovered many of the cellular mechanisms which underlie cisplatin-induced renal cell death. It has also become apparent that inflammation provoked by injury to renal(More)
Cisplatin produces acute renal failure in humans and mice. Previous studies have shown that cisplatin upregulates the expression of TNF-alpha in mouse kidney and that inhibition of either the release or action of TNF-alpha protects the kidney from cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. In this study, we examined the effect of cisplatin on the expression of TNF(More)
Cisplatin is an important chemotherapeutic agent but can cause acute renal injury. Part of this acute renal injury is mediated through tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The pathway through which cisplatin mediates the production of TNF-alpha and injury is not known. Cisplatin activates p38 MAPK and induces apoptosis in cancer cells. p38 MAPK(More)
During the past several years, sites of expression of ion transport proteins in tubules from adult kidneys have been described and correlated with functional properties. Less information is available concerning sites of expression during tubule morphogenesis, although such expression patterns may be crucial to renal development. In the current studies,(More)
These studies were designed to evaluate the mechanism for the ADH-dependent increase in transcellular conductance (Gc, mS X cm-2), which accompanies hormone-dependent increases in the spontaneous transepithelial voltage (Ve, mV) and in the net rate of Cl- absorption in single medullary thick ascending limbs of Henle (mTALH) isolated from mouse kidney. The(More)
BACKGROUND Salicylate was recently shown to provide protection against cisplatin nephrotoxicity in rats. We have demonstrated that enhanced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production mediates, in part, cisplatin nephrotoxicity. The purpose of this study was to determine if the protective effects of salicylate were mediated through inhibition of(More)
The experiments reported herein compared Cl- channels fused into bilayers from rabbit outer medullary vesicles with Cl- channels in excised patches of basolateral membranes from cultured mouse medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) cells and evaluated whether the latter were plausible candidates for the Cl- channels mediating net NaCl absorption in(More)
BACKGROUND This article reports studies on the kinetics of chloride (Cl-) conductance in Cl- channels fused into bilayers from basolaterally enriched vesicles from rabbit outer medulla. A considerable body of evidence indicates that these channels represent rbClC-Ka, a 77 kDa kidney-specific protein of the ClC family of Cl- channels. rbClC-Ka, a candidate(More)
Oxidant-induced cell injury has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several forms of acute renal failure. The present studies examined whether activation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) by oxidant-induced DNA damage contributes to oxidant injury of renal epithelial cells. H2O2 exposure resulted in an increase in PARP activity and decreases in cell(More)