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Sixteen subjects (from 10 Brazilian families) with male pseudohermaphroditism due to steroid 5alpha-reductase 2 deficiency have been evaluated in 1 clinic. The diagnoses were made on the basis of normal plasma testosterone values, normal or low plasma dihydrotestosterone levels and high testosterone/dihydrotestosterone ratios in the basal state in(More)
Autosomal recessive mutations in the 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 3 gene impair the formation of testosterone in the fetal testis and give rise to genetic males with female external genitalia. Such individuals are usually raised as females, but virilize at the time of expected puberty as the result of increases in serum testosterone. Here we(More)
We report on a kindred including a patient (46,XY) with typical manifestations of Leydig cell hypoplasia who was born to parents who were first cousins. A sister had secondary amenorrhea possibly due to primary ovarian dysfunction. Analysis of six pedigrees fits to a male-limited autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance; its implication for the mutational(More)
The frequency of large mutations was determined in 131 Brazilian patients with different clinical forms of 21-hydroxylase deficiency, belonging to 116 families. DNA samples were examined by Southern blotting hybridization with genomic CYP21 and C4cDNA probes after Taql and Bg/II restriction. Large gene conversions were found in 6.6% and CYP21B deletions in(More)
A 7-year-old girl had growth retardation, hypertension, and hypokalemic alkalosis. Baseline serum aldosterone concentration and plasma renin activity were low and unresponsive to sodium deprivation and to orthostatic changes. Baseline serum progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, 11-deoxycortisol, and cortisol levels were normal and adequately responsive to(More)
Zinc plays a very important role in animal and human metabolism. Nowadays, it is one of the most extensively studied trace element, since its sphere of action has been demonstrated to be very broad. From the biochemical standpoint, it controls more than 300 different enzymes, many of them involved with intermediary metabolism, DNA and RNA synthesis, gene(More)
Ten male pseudohermaphrodites with 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 3 (17 beta-HSD3) deficiency were evaluated in 1 clinic with an average follow-up of 10.1 years. The diagnoses were made by demonstrating low to normal serum testosterone levels, high androstenedione levels, and high ratios of serum androstenedione to testosterone in the basal state or(More)
We evaluated eleven cryptorchid boys under four years of age to determine the usefulness of serum inhibin as a marker of seminiferous tubule dysfunction. Serum testosterone, inhibin, LH and FSH concentrations were measured by RIA before and after 6 weeks of human chorionic gonadotropin plus human menopausal gonadotropin therapy, and bilateral testicular(More)